Keith L. Wycoff

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Plants offer a cost-effective bioreactor to produce antibodies of diverse types. Recent studies demonstrate that secretory IgA, the predominant antibody isotype of the mucosal immune system, can be made in large quantities in plants. CaroRx, the lead SIgA antibody being developed by Planet Biotechnology Inc., has demonstrated activity in pilot phase II(More)
The use of plants for medicinal purposes dates back thousands of years but genetic engineering of plants to produce desired biopharmaceuticals is much more recent. As the demand for biopharmaceuticals is expected to increase, it would be wise to ensure that they will be available in significantly larger amounts, on a cost-effective basis. Currently, the(More)
A functional comparison was made between a monoclonal secretory antibody generated in transgenic plants and its parent murine IgG antibody.The affinity constants of both antibodies for a Streptococcus mutans adhesion protein were similar. However the secretory antibody had a higher functional affinity due to its dimeric structure. In the human oral cavity,(More)
Functional antibodies produced in tobacco plants were first reported over a decade ago (1989). The basic protocol used to generate these 'plantibodies' involved the independent cloning of H and L chain antibody genes in Agrobacterium tumefaciens vectors, the transformation of plant tissue in vitro with the recombinant bacterium, the reconstitution of whole(More)
An alfalfa genomic clone and three cDNA clones for ENOD40 (MsENOD40) have been isolated and characterized. At the nucleotide level, the MsENOD40 clones exhibit ca. 79% identity to a soybean (GmENOD40) cDNA clone. The alfalfa cDNA clones lack an AUG translational start codon and potentially encode a polypeptide no longer than 46 amino acids. There is only(More)
Inhalational anthrax, a zoonotic disease caused by the inhalation of Bacillus anthracis spores, has a ∼50% fatality rate even when treated with antibiotics. Pathogenesis is dependent on the activity of two toxic noncovalent complexes: edema toxin (EdTx) and lethal toxin (LeTx). Protective antigen (PA), an essential component of both complexes, binds with(More)
Early nodulin 2 (ENOD2) transcripts and protein are specifically found in the inner cortex of legume nodules, a location that coincides with the site of a barrier to O2 diffusion. The extracellular glycoprotein that binds the monoclonal antibody MAC236 has also been localized to this site. Thus, it has been proposed that these proteins function in the(More)
OBJECTIVE This double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial tested the safety and efficacy of a topical secretory IgA antibody manufactured in tobacco plants (plantibody) in preventing recolonization of mutans streptococci (MS) in human plaque as measured by whole stimulated saliva samples. METHODS Following a 9-day antimicrobial treatment with(More)
Secretory IgA (SIgA) is the antibody type produced in both mammals and birds that protects the body from infection at mucosal surfaces. While monoclonal IgG antibodies, particularly those against tumor antigens, have received a great deal of attention, both scientific and commercial, as immunotherapeutic agents, the potential of SIgA antibodies has only(More)
Single domain antibodies (sdAbs) correspond to the antigen-binding domains of camelid antibodies. They have the same antigen-binding properties and specificity as monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) but are easier and cheaper to produce. We report here the development of sdAbs targeting human PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9) as an alternative(More)