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In 3 separate trials at 2 locations, dairy heifers (n = 396) were treated with a Controlled Internal Drug Release (CIDR) progesterone device for 9 d. On Day 7 of CIDR treatment, all heifers were injected with PGF(2alpha). Synchronized estruses were detected using a tailpaint and chalk (TPC) scoring system. An animal's tailhead was painted at device(More)
Lactation has been negatively associated with fertility because pregnancy rates in maiden heifers exceed those obtained after first or subsequent calvings. The extent of this difference is less in pasture-fed dairy cows ( < 10%) than in American Holsteins ( > 20%) fed grain and conserved forages. The latter cows have pregnancy rates to first insemination(More)
The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of level of feed intake of pasture on P4 clearance rates in dairy cows. Twelve non-lactating Holstein-Friesian cows aged 4-9 years were randomly allocated to a restricted or ad libitum group. The ad libitum group had unrestricted access to irrigated pasture, whereas the restricted group had(More)
The focus of this review is the physiological effects of undernutrition on ovarian follicle growth and the occurrence of ovulation in postpartum cows. Evidence suggests that moderate levels of underfeeding, before or after calving, may interfere with the mechanism(s) of final follicle maturation and ovulation, whereas more pronounced nutritional(More)
Two experiments were performed to evaluate the efficacy of a progestin-based estrus synchronization program that incorporated the use of estradiol at the initiation of progestin treatment and at 48 h after progestin withdrawal (Exp. 2). In Exp. 1, cyclic, lactating dairy cows (n = 112) were assigned to receive either 1 (1mg) or 2 (2mg) mg of estradiol(More)
The wave-like patterns of ovarian follicular development in cattle can be manipulated by shortening the luteal phase with prostaglandin F2alpha (PGF), lengthening the period of follicle dominance with progesterone or curtailing follicle development with GnRH or oestradiol as 17beta, benzoate or cypionate. These hormones can also be used to synchronise(More)
Oestrus synchronization following prostaglandin-induced luteolysis is variable and dependent on follicle wave status in cattle. Oestradiol benzoate (ODB) has been used following prostaglandin to reduce the interval to oestrus and ovulation, but the effect of follicle wave status at the time of ODB administration is not clear. The aim of this study was to(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if the duration of treatment with an intravaginal progesterone releasing insert (IVP(4)) after treatment with oestradiol benzoate (ODB) at the time of insertion and 24 h after removal would affect selected variables including: size of ovarian follicles at the time of removal of inserts, diameter of ovulatory follicles,(More)
We tested the hypothesis that a small dose of estradiol benzoate (EB) at the midstage of the estrous cycle in cattle would synchronize the subsequent pattern of ovarian follicular development, estrus, and ovulation. Nonlactating Friesian cows received either 1 mg of EB i.m. on d 13 of the estrous cycle (T; n = 12; estrus = d0) or served as untreated(More)