John S Yu7
Rameshwar Patil7
Julia Y. Ljubimova6
Jose Portilla-Arias4
7John S Yu
7Rameshwar Patil
6Julia Y. Ljubimova
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Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common adult primary brain tumor and is comprised of a heterogeneous population of cells. It is unclear which cells within the tumor mass are responsible for tumor initiation and maintenance. In this study, we report that brain tumor stem cells can be identified from adult GBMs. These tumor stem cells form(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, a small population of cancer stem cells in adult and pediatric brain tumors has been identified. Some evidence has suggested that CD133 is a marker for a subset of leukemia and glioblastoma cancer stem cells. Especially, CD133 positive cells isolated from human glioblastoma may initiate tumors and represent novel targets for(More)
BACKGROUND This study evaluated the safety and immune responses to an autologous dendritic cell vaccine pulsed with class I peptides from tumor-associated antigens (TAA) expressed on gliomas and overexpressed in their cancer stem cell population (ICT-107). METHODS TAA epitopes included HER2, TRP-2, gp100, MAGE-1, IL13Rα2, and AIM-2. HLA-A1- and/or(More)
Neural stem cells (NSCs) are capable of tracking migrating glioma cells. To exploit this tropism to generate an antitumor T-cell response, particularly against disseminating tumor pockets, we inoculated intracranial glioma-bearing mice with interleukin 12 (IL-12) producing NSCs. Intratumoral therapy with IL-12-secreting NSCs prolonged survival compared to(More)
Current therapies for gliomas fail to address their highly infiltrative nature. Standard treatments often leave behind microscopic neoplastic reservoirs, resulting in eventual tumor recurrence. Neural stem cells (NSCs) are capable of tracking disseminating glioma cells. To exploit this tropism to develop a therapeutic strategy that targeted tumor(More)
Neural progenitor-like cells have been isolated from bone marrow and the cells have the ability of tracking intracranial tumor. However, the capacity of the cells to deliver molecules for activating immune response against intracranial tumor and the identity of cellular and molecular factors that are involved in such immune responses have yet to be(More)
  • Babak Kateb, Katherine Chiu, Keith L Black, Vicky Yamamoto, Bhavraj Khalsa, Julia Y Ljubimova +13 others
  • 2011
Nanotechnology is the design and assembly of submicroscopic devices called nanoparticles, which are 1-100 nm in diameter. Nanomedicine is the application of nanotechnology for the diagnosis and treatment of human disease. Disease-specific receptors on the surface of cells provide useful targets for nanoparticles. Because nanoparticles can be engineered from(More)
The efficient and large-scale generation of neural progenitor cells for neural grafting in the treatment of neurological diseases has been a challenge. Here we describe the isolation and successful propagation of neural progenitor cells from adult rat bone marrow. Unfractionated bone marrow cultured in vitro with epidermal growth factor and basic fibroblast(More)
Doxorubicin (DOX) is currently used in cancer chemotherapy to treat many tumors and shows improved delivery, reduced toxicity and higher treatment efficacy when being part of nanoscale delivery systems. However, a major drawback remains its toxicity to healthy tissue and the development of multi-drug resistance during prolonged treatment. This is why in our(More)
Treatment options for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) are generally limited to cytotoxic chemotherapy. Recently, anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) therapy has been introduced for TNBC patients. We engineered a novel nanobioconjugate based on a poly(β-L-malic acid) (PMLA) nanoplatform for TNBC treatment. The nanobioconjugate carries(More)