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The forebrain cholinergic system promotes higher brain function in part by signaling through the M(1) muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR). During Alzheimer's disease (AD), these cholinergic neurons degenerate, therefore selectively activating M(1) receptors could improve cognitive function in these patients while avoiding unwanted peripheral responses(More)
The importance of wild birds as potential vectors of disease has received recent renewed empirical interest, especially regarding human health. Understanding the spread of bacterial pathogens in wild birds may serve as a useful model for examining the spread of other disease organisms, both amongst birds, and from birds to other taxa. Information regarding(More)
We describe the biological properties of NVP-AUY922, a novel resorcinylic isoxazole amide heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) inhibitor. NVP-AUY922 potently inhibits HSP90 (K(d) = 1.7 nmol/L) and proliferation of human tumor cells with GI(50) values of approximately 2 to 40 nmol/L, inducing G(1)-G(2) arrest and apoptosis. Activity is independent of(More)
Proof lies at the heart of mathematics yet we know from research in mathematics education that proof is an elusive concept for many mathematics students. The question that we are now asking is whether the introduction of dynamic geometry systems will improve the situation – or will it make the transition from informal to formal proof in mathematics even(More)
The HSF1-mediated stress response pathway is steadily gaining momentum as a critical source of targets for cancer therapy. Key mediators of this pathway include molecular chaperones such as heat shock protein (HSP) 90. There has been considerable progress in targeting HSP90 and the preclinical efficacy and signs of early clinical activity of HSP90(More)
This chapter focuses on digital technologies and geometry education, a combination of topics that provides a suitable avenue for analysing closely the issues and challenges involved in designing and utilizing digital technologies for learning mathematics. In revealing these issues and challenges, the chapter examines the design of digital technologies and(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal aortic aneurysm is a multifactorial disorder in which inflammation is an important pathophysiological feature. In explant culture, aneurysm biopsies secrete large amounts of interleukin-6 (IL-6), and among aneurysm patients, the circulating concentration of IL-6 appears to be increased. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated, in 19(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have identified critical roles for microRNAs (miRNAs) in a variety of cellular processes, including regulation of cardiomyocyte death. However, the signature of miRNA expression and possible roles of miRNA in the ischemic heart have been less well studied. METHODS AND RESULTS We performed miRNA arrays to detect the expression(More)
Hydroxyapatite cement is a unique calcium phosphate preparation that can be shaped intraoperatively and sets in vivo to an implant composed of microporous hydroxyapatite. The histologic response to this cement was evaluated by implanting disks made of this material within the heads of nine cats. Three sets of 12 hydroxyapatite cement disks were produced(More)