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Because of their increased sensitivity to spatially extended signals, cluster-size tests are widely used to detect changes and activations in brain images. However, when images are nonstationary, the cluster-size distribution varies depending on local smoothness. Clusters tend to be large in smooth regions, resulting in increased false positives, while in(More)
We present a unified statistical approach to deformation-based morphometry applied to the cortical surface. The cerebral cortex has the topology of a 2D highly convoluted sheet. As the brain develops over time, the cortical surface area, thickness, curvature, and total gray matter volume change. It is highly likely that such age-related surface changes are(More)
We report new random field theory P values for peaks of canonical correlation SPMs for detecting multiple contrasts in a linear model for multivariate image data. This completes results for all types of univariate and multivariate image data analysis. All other known univariate and multivariate random field theory results are now special cases, so these new(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is thought to predominantly affect white matter (WM). Recently, however, loss of cortical gray matter has also been described. Little is known about the cause of cortical atrophy in MS, whether it occurs early in the disease course, and whether it affects all cortical regions equally or if there is a preferential pattern of focal(More)
We compare two common methods for detecting functional connectivity: thresholding correlations and singular value decomposition (SVD). We find that thresholding correlations are better at detecting focal regions of correlated voxels, whereas SVD is better at detecting extensive regions of correlated voxels. We apply these results to resting state networks(More)
Previous studies of cortical asymmetry have relied mainly on voxel-based morphometry (VBM), or manual segmentation of regions of interest. This study uses fully automated, surface-based techniques to analyse position and surface area asymmetry for the mid-surfaces of 112 right-handed subjects' cortical hemispheres from a cohort of young adults. Native space(More)
We present a unified computational approach to tensor-based morphometry in detecting the brain surface shape difference between two clinical groups based on magnetic resonance images. Our approach is novel in a sense that we combined surface modeling, surface data smoothing and statistical analysis in a coherent unified mathematical framework. The cerebral(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent studies of functional brain imaging have shown the involvement of the basal ganglia in executive processes such as planning and set-shifting. However, the specific contributions of the striatum in those processes remain unknown. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that the caudate nucleus is primarily involved in the preparation of a(More)
In multiple sclerosis (MS), the correlation between disability and the volume of white matter lesions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is usually weak. This may be because lesion location also influences the extent and type of functional disability. We applied an automatic lesion-detection algorithm to 452 MRI scans of patients with relapsing-remitting(More)