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CONTEXT Current recommendations for initiation of antiretroviral therapy in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV) are based on CD4 T-lymphocyte cell counts and plasma HIV RNA levels. The relative prognostic value of each marker following initiation of therapy has not been fully characterized. OBJECTIVE To describe rates of(More)
BACKGROUND Subsequent to a report from the authors' institution, the laparoscopic management of symptomatic cholelithiasis and appendicitis during pregnancy has become the standard of care at LDS Hospital using institutional guidelines. For comparison with previous outcomes described by the authors, 59 additional laparoscopic cases are reported. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide population-based estimates of the prevalence of lipodystrophy syndrome and constituent symptoms and to identify correlates of prevalent symptomology. METHODS Participants in a province-wide HIV/AIDS treatment programme reported morphological and metabolic abnormalities. Probable lipodystrophy was defined as self-report of at least one(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of incarceration within 12 months of initiating highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on non-adherence and HIV-1 RNA suppression. METHODS We compared the adherence and virological outcomes among participants in a population-based HIV/AIDS Drug Treatment Program in British Columbia, Canada, by history of incarceration(More)
BACKGROUND In the era before highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), socioeconomic status was associated with survival from HIV disease. We have explored socioeconomic status, access to triple therapy (HAART), and mortality in the context of a universal healthcare system. METHODS We evaluated 1408 individuals who initiated double or triple therapy(More)
The aim of this study was to quantify the level of employment at one-year and to determine potential predictors of future employment among HIV-positive persons on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the province of British Columbia. Of the 392 individuals that were initially unemployed at baseline 63 (16.1%) found a job over the subsequent year.(More)
This study provides population-based estimates of the incidence of constituent symptoms associated with HIV-related lipodystrophy syndrome. Possible predictors of symptomatology based on analysis of accrued cases are provided after adjustment for a broad range of personal, clinical, and treatment characteristics. Patients enrolled in a province-wide(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the effect of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) on life expectancy in sub-Saharan Africa. OBJECTIVE To estimate life expectancy of patients once they initiate cART in Uganda. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Public sector HIV and AIDS disease-management program in Uganda. PATIENTS 22 315 eligible(More)
OBJECTIVE Evaluations of CD4 cell count and other prognostic factors on the survival of HIV patients in sub-Saharan Africa are extremely limited. Funders have been reticent to recommend earlier initiation of treatment. We aimed to examine the effect of baseline CD4 cell count on mortality using data from HIV patients receiving combination antiretroviral(More)