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MPEG-21 is an open standards-based framework for multimedia delivery and consumption. It aims to enable the use of multimedia resources across a wide range of networks and devices. We discuss MPEG-21's parts, achievements, ongoing activities, and opportunities for new technologies. MPEG-21 is an open standards-based framework for multimedia delivery and(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether synchronising over-ground walking to rhythmic auditory cues improves temporal and spatial gait measures in adults with neurological clinical conditions other than Parkinson's disease. METHOD A search was performed in June 2011 using the computerised databases AGELINE, AMED, AMI, CINAHL, Current Contents, EMBASE, MEDLINE,(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is a disabling, prevalent condition. Physical activity programs may assist depression management in older people, ameliorate co-morbid conditions and reduce the need for antidepressants. The UPLIFT pilot study assessed the feasibility of older depressed people attending a community-based progressive resistance training (PRT) program.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of a multifaceted podiatry intervention in preventing falls in community dwelling older people with disabling foot pain. DESIGN Parallel group randomised controlled trial. SETTING University health sciences clinic in Melbourne, Australia. PARTICIPANTS 305 community dwelling men and women (mean age 74 (SD 6)(More)
Rhythmic auditory cues including music and metronome beats have been used, sometimes interchangeably, to improve disordered gait arising from a range of clinical conditions. There has been limited investigation into whether there are optimal cue types. Different cue types have produced inconsistent effects across groups which differed in both age and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the reliability and systematic bias in spatiotemporal gait parameters recorded in healthy women during repeated single and continuous overground walking trials. DESIGN Test-retest. SETTING University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Young (n=13) and older adult (n=14) women volunteers. INTERVENTIONS Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Falls are common after stroke. Despite evidence that single and multifactorial interventions can reduce falls in older people, this issue remains relatively underexplored in stroke survivors. Effective fall prevention in this population has the potential to prevent injury, improve quality of life, and decrease the likelihood of(More)
BACKGROUND In line with a rapidly ageing global population, the rise in the frequency of falls will lead to increased healthcare and social care costs. This study will be one of the few randomized controlled trials evaluating a multifaceted falls intervention in a low-middle income, culturally-diverse older Asian community. The primary objective of our(More)
BACKGROUND Falls in nursing care facilities and hospitals are common events that cause considerable morbidity and mortality for older people. OBJECTIVES To assess the effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce falls by older people in nursing care facilities and hospitals. SEARCH STRATEGY We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma(More)