Keith H. Christoffers

Learn More
Several non-peptidic opioids have been synthesized recently as part of a program to develop selective delta receptor agonists. In this study, the affinities of a set of compounds for cloned delta and mu opioid receptors expressed in HEK 293 cell lines were determined by competition analysis of [3H]bremazocine binding to membrane preparations. All compounds(More)
Significant advances have been made in understanding the structure, function, and regulation of opioid receptors and endogenous opioid peptides since their discovery approximately 25 years ago. This review summarizes recent studies aimed at identifying key amino acids that confer ligand selectivity to the opioid receptors and that are critical constituents(More)
We have used the nervous system of the medicinal leech as a preparation to study the molecular basis of neural repair. The leech central nervous system, unlike mammalian CNS, can regenerate to restore function, and contains identified nerve cells of known function and connectivity. We have constructed subtractive cDNA probes from whole and regenerating(More)
Our studies with cultured cells have provided new insight into the particular role of GM1 in regulating excitatory opioid responses. GM1 is significantly elevated in chronic opioid-treated cells via Gs/adenylyl cyclase activation. Such GM1 elevation promotes coupling of opioid receptor with Gs, resulting in attenuation of inhibitory opioid effects and(More)
We reported recently that the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway is involved in agonist-induced down regulation of mu and delta opioid receptors [J. Biol. Chem. 276 (2001) 12345]. While evaluating the effects of various protease inhibitors on agonist-induced opioid receptor down regulation, we observed that while the peptide aldehyde, leupeptin(More)
A mouse y opioid receptor was engineered to contain a FLAG epitope at the amino-terminus and a hexahistidine tag at the carboxyl terminus to facilitate purification. Selection of transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells yielded a cell line that expressed the receptor with a B max of 10.5 pmol/mg protein. [ 3 H]Bremazocine exhibited high affinity(More)
A mouse mu opioid receptor was engineered to contain a FLAG epitope at the amino-terminus and a hexahistidine tag at the carboxyl-terminus to facilitate purification. Selection of transfected human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells yielded a cell line that expressed the receptor with a B(max) of 10 pmol/mg protein. 3[H]Bremazocine exhibited high affinity(More)
  • 1