Keith G Watson

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The prosurvival BCL-2 family protein BCL-X(L) is often overexpressed in solid tumors and renders malignant tumor cells resistant to anticancer therapeutics. Enhancing apoptotic responses by inhibiting BCL-X(L) will most likely have widespread utility in cancer treatment and, instead of inhibiting multiple prosurvival BCL-2 family members, a(More)
A-1155463, a highly potent and selective BCL-XL inhibitor, was discovered through nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) fragment screening and structure-based design. This compound is substantially more potent against BCL-XL-dependent cell lines relative to our recently reported inhibitor, WEHI-539, while possessing none of its inherent pharmaceutical(More)
Picornaviruses (PV) include human rhinovirus (HRV), the primary cause of the common cold, and the enteroviruses (EV), which cause serious diseases such as poliomyelitis, meningoencephalitis, and systemic neonatal disease. Although no compounds for PV infections have been approved in the United States, pirodavir was one of the most promising capsid-binding(More)
Developing potent molecules that inhibit Bcl-2 family mediated apoptosis affords opportunities to treat cancers via reactivation of the cell death machinery. We describe the hit-to-lead development of selective Bcl-XL inhibitors originating from a high-throughput screening campaign. Small structural changes to the hit compound increased binding affinity(More)
Respiratory infections caused by human rhinovirus are responsible for severe exacerbations of underlying clinical conditions such as asthma in addition to their economic cost in terms of lost working days due to illness. While several antiviral compounds for treating rhinoviral infections have been discovered, none have succeeded, to date, in reaching(More)
The current treatment for leishmaniasis is based on chemotherapy, which relies on a handful of drugs with serious limitations, such as high cost, toxicity, and a lack of efficacy in regions of endemicity. Therefore, the development of new, effective, and affordable antileishmanial drugs is a global health priority. Leishmania synthesizes a range of(More)
Acetyl-CoA carboxylases (ACCs) are crucial metabolic enzymes and are attractive targets for drug discovery. Haloxyfop and tepraloxydim belong to two distinct classes of commercial herbicides and kill sensitive plants by inhibiting the carboxyltransferase (CT) activity of ACC. Our earlier structural studies showed that haloxyfop is bound near the active site(More)
A series of pyridazinylpiperidinyl capsid-binding compounds with novel bicyclic substituents were synthesized and screened against human rhinovirus (HRV). Several 2-alkoxy- and 2-alkylthio-benzoxazole and benzothiazole derivatives showed excellent anti-HRV activity. When tested against a panel of 16 representative HRV types the 2-ethoxybenzoxazole(More)
A series of capsid-binding compounds was screened against human rhinovirus (HRV) using a CPE based assay. The ethyl oxime ether 14 was found to have outstanding anti-HRV activity (median IC(50) 4.75 ng/mL), and unlike the equivalent ethyl ester compound 3 (Pirodavir), it has good oral bioavailability, making it a promising development candidate. Compound 14(More)
A high-throughput screening campaign of a library of 100,000 lead-like compounds identified 2-iminobenzimidazoles as a novel class of trypanothione reductase inhibitors. These 2-iminobenzimidazoles display potent trypanocidal activity against Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, do not inhibit closely related human glutathione reductase and have low cytotoxicity(More)