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BACKGROUND In patients with multivessel coronary artery disease who are undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), coronary angiography is the standard method for guiding the placement of the stent. It is unclear whether routine measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR; the ratio of maximal blood flow in a stenotic artery to normal maximal(More)
BACKGROUND The preferred initial treatment for patients with stable coronary artery disease is the best available medical therapy. We hypothesized that in patients with functionally significant stenoses, as determined by measurement of fractional flow reserve (FFR), percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) plus the best available medical therapy would be(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between angiographic and functional severity of coronary artery stenoses in the FAME (Fractional Flow Reserve Versus Angiography in Multivessel Evaluation) study. BACKGROUND It can be difficult to determine on the coronary angiogram which lesions cause ischemia. Revascularization of(More)
BACKGROUND The appropriate treatment for patients in whom reperfusion fails to occur after thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction remains unclear. There are few data comparing emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (rescue PCI) with conservative care in such patients, and none comparing rescue PCI with repeated thrombolysis. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND The use of coronary angiography (CA) for diagnosis and management of chest pain (CP) has several flaws. The assessment of coronary artery disease using fractional flow reserve (FFR) is a well-validated technique for describing lesion-level ischemia and improves clinical outcome in the context of percutaneous coronary intervention. The impact of(More)
Adenosine is a ubiquitous extracellular signaling molecule with essential functions in human physiology. Due to the widespread expression of adenosine receptors, it has far-reaching effects across many different organ systems. With a prominent role in the cardiovascular system, it has been extensively studied for both its therapeutic and diagnostic(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of dual chamber pacing (DDD) and ventricular rate adaptive pacing (activity sensing) (VVIR) in patients with complete heart block. DESIGN Double blind crossover comparison with one month in each pacing mode. PATIENTS 10 consecutive patients aged 23-74 presenting with complete anterograde atrioventricular block at rest(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether low serum cortisol concentrations are associated with adverse prognosis in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Low serum cortisol concentrations have been associated with adverse prognosis in critical illness of diverse etiology. DESIGN Nested case-control study. SETTING Prospective cohort study of consecutive(More)
BACKGROUND Drug-eluting stents reduce the incidence of in-stent restenosis, but they result in delayed arterial healing and are associated with a chronic inflammatory response and hypersensitivity reactions. Identifying novel interventions to enhance wound healing and reduce the inflammatory response may improve long-term clinical outcomes.(More)
BACKGROUND In acute myocardial infarction complicated by cardiogenic shock (CS), up to 80% of patients present with multivessel coronary artery disease. Currently, the best revascularization strategy is unknown. Therefore, a prospective randomized adequately powered clinical trial is warranted. STUDY DESIGN The CULPRIT-SHOCK study is a 706-patient(More)