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Thrombospondin (TSP) 2, and its close relative TSP1, are extracellular proteins whose functions are complex, poorly understood, and controversial. In an attempt to determine the function of TSP2, we disrupted the Thbs2 gene by homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells, and generated TSP2-null mice by blastocyst injection and appropriate breeding of(More)
The utilization of adult stem cells in tissue engineering is a promising solution to the problem of tissue or organ shortage. Adult bone marrow derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are undifferentiated, multipotential cells which are capable of giving rise to chondrocytes when maintained in a three-dimensional culture and treated with members of the(More)
Explant cultures of adult human trabecular bone fragments give rise to osteoblastic cells, that are known to express osteoblast-related genes and mineralize extracellular matrix. These osteoblastic cells have also been shown to undergo adipogenesis in vitro and chondrogenesis in vivo. Here we report the in vitro developmental potential of adult human(More)
Decorin is a member of the expanding group of widely distributed small leucine-rich proteoglycans that are expected to play important functions in tissue assembly. We report that mice harboring a targeted disruption of the decorin gene are viable but have fragile skin with markedly reduced tensile strength. Ultrastructural analysis revealed abnormal(More)
An epithelial cell line, designated COMMA-1D, was derived from mammary tissue of BALB/c mice in the middle of pregnancy. This line, in continuous cell culture for 12 months, exhibits several characteristics distinctive of normal mammary epithelial cells, including induction of casein synthesis in vitro and normal duct morphogenesis in the cleared mammary(More)
The in vitro culture of human trabecular bone-derived cells has served as a useful system for the investigation of the biology of osteoblasts. The recent discovery in our laboratory of the multilineage mesenchymal differentiation potential of cells derived from collagenase-treated human trabecular bone fragments has prompted further interest in view of the(More)
STUDY DESIGN To identify and characterize endogenous progenitor cell population from intervertebral disc. OBJECTIVE To determine if progenitor cells exist in degenerate human discs. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Back pain, a significant source of morbidity in our society, is directly linked to the pathology of the intervertebral disc. Because disc disease(More)
The multilineage differentiation potential of adult tissue-derived mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs), such as those from bone marrow and trabecular bone, makes them a useful model to investigate mechanisms regulating tissue development and regeneration, such as cartilage. Treatment with transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily members is a(More)
Nanofibrous materials, by virtue of their morphological similarities to natural extracellular matrix, have been considered as candidate scaffolds for cell delivery in tissue-engineering applications. In this study, we have evaluated a novel, three-dimensional, nanofibrous poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) scaffold composed of electrospun nanofibers for its(More)
UNLABELLED The regulation of galectin-3 expression in skeletal tissues is not completely understood. Our studies indicate that HIF-1 alpha regulates galectin-3 expression by interacting with hypoxia regulatory elements in the promoter region. Finally, we show that galectin-3 serves a prosurvival role in the intervertebral disc. INTRODUCTION Earlier(More)