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BACKGROUND Certain phthalates can impair Leydig cell distribution and steroidogenesis in the fetal rat in utero, but it is unknown whether similar effects might occur in the human. OBJECTIVES Our aim in this study was to investigate the effects of di(n-butyl) phthalate (DBP), or its metabolite monobutyl phthalate (MBP), on testosterone production and(More)
The aims of this study were: (i) to investigate the cellular immunoexpression of androgen receptor and oestrogen receptor beta in the testes of the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus) during neonatal life compared with their expression at later ages; (ii) to establish whether neonatal marmoset Sertoli cells are targets for androgens or oestrogens or both;(More)
The primary purpose of this study was to establish whether Sertoli cells proliferate in the neonatal period in the marmoset monkey (Callithrix jacchus) and whether administration of a long-acting GnRH antagonist (GnRHa) during this phase induced any transient or permanent effects on Sertoli cell number or on any other aspect of testicular development. Male(More)
This study investigated vascular and molecular changes in the corpus luteum (CL) of early pregnancy in the marmoset. Ovaries were studied on Days 21 (n = 6) and 28 (n = 6) of pregnancy and compared with corpora lutea from Day 21 (late luteal) of the nonconception cycle (n = 8). Endothelial cell proliferation was measured by immunocytochemical detection of(More)
In primates, plasma testosterone concentrations are elevated for some 3 months from birth. The function of this rise is uncertain, but studies in rats suggest that its prevention by castration or administration of gonadotrophin hormone-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogues has effects on development and expression of social and sexual behaviours, and adverse(More)
BACKGROUND The neonatal period of pituitary-testicular activity (NPTA) in human males has been hypothesized to play a role in germ cell proliferation and differentiation and to be defective in cryptorchid testes. The present study was carried out to establish in the marmoset if suppression of the NPTA, by treatment with a GnRH antagonist, results in(More)
Nine ultrasound transducers from six ultrasound scanners were assessed for their utility for preclinical ultrasound imaging. The transducers were: L8-16, L10-22 (Diasus; Dynamic Imaging Ltd., Livingston, UK); L17-5, L15-7io (iU22; Philips, Seattle, WA, USA), HFL38/13-6 (MicroMaxx; Sonosite Inc., Bothell, WA, USA); il3Lv (Vivid 5; GE, Fairfield, CT, USA),(More)
BACKGROUND Inexplicably, boys treated with some therapies for cancer at age 2-10 years, a time of supposed 'testicular quiescence', are at risk of low sperm counts/infertility in adulthood. Our aims were to use the marmoset as a surrogate for man to establish testicular cell function/activity during 'quiescence' between the neonatal period and puberty, and(More)
Using specific inhibitors established that angiogenesis in the ovarian follicle and corpus luteum is driven by vascular endothelial growth factor. Recently, it has been demonstrated that the Notch ligand, delta-like ligand 4 (Dll4) negatively regulates vascular endothelial growth factor-mediated vessel sprouting and branching. To investigate the role of(More)
The determination of the efficacy of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone (GnRH) antagonists in blocking the luteinizing hormone (LH) surge and luteal function is important for our understanding of the control of the menstrual cycle and for clinical application. GnRH antagonists have failed to block the LH surge reliably in the non-human primate. The aim of the(More)