Keith D. Hill

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the measurement properties of an expanded version of the Falls Efficacy Scale (FES)-a measure of fear of falling. The original FES measures fear on almost exclusively indoor activities, which may limit the usefulness of the scale in identifying early stages of fear of falling in active community-dwelling older people. DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND Falls in nursing care facilities and hospitals are common events that cause considerable morbidity and mortality for older people. OBJECTIVES To assess the effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce falls by older people in nursing care facilities and hospitals. SEARCH STRATEGY We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma(More)
BACKGROUND the aim of this study was to develop a brief screening tool for use in the emergency department (ED), to identify people who require further assessment and management. METHODS this prospective study included 344 community-dwelling older people presenting to an ED after a fall. After direct discharge participants had a home-based assessment(More)
BACKGROUND Falls in care facilities and hospitals are common events that cause considerable morbidity and mortality for older people. This is an update of a review first published in 2010. OBJECTIVES To assess the effectiveness of interventions designed to reduce falls by older people in care facilities and hospitals. SEARCH METHODS We searched the(More)
OBJECTIVE Most studies of falls among older people have focused on those with some degree of balance or mobility impairment. This study aimed to establish whether falls and associated injuries were a major problem among healthy, older women, whether there were some common features in the falls, and whether these falls could be accurately predicted. METHOD(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the extent to which measures of foot and ankle strength, range of motion, posture, and deformity are associated with performance in a battery of balance and functional ability tests in older adults. DESIGN Cross-sectional study of people over 65 years. SETTING Community. PARTICIPANTS Participants (N=305; age range, 65-93y)(More)
UNLABELLED Williams SB, Brand CA, Hill KD, Hunt SB, Moran H. Feasibility and outcomes of a home-based exercise program on improving balance and gait stability in women with lower-limb osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis: a pilot study. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the feasibility and gait stability and balance outcomes of a 4-month individualized home(More)
Falls are a common health problem for older people, and psychotropic medications have been identified as an important independent fall risk factor. The objective of this paper was to review the literature relating to the effect of psychotropic medications on falls in older people, with a particular focus on evidence supporting minimization of their use to(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate predictors of recurrent falls in adults who return to community dwelling after stroke rehabilitation. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Community. PARTICIPANTS Fifty-five adults with stroke (mean age +/- standard deviation, 68.1+/-12.8y). INTERVENTIONS Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Baseline measures(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the feasibility and safety of a home-based exercise programme for people with Alzheimer's disease, and to provide preliminary evidence of programme effectiveness in improving balance and mobility and reducing falls risk. DESIGN A randomized controlled trial. SETTING Community. PARTICIPANTS Forty people with mild to moderate(More)