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Muscular exercise promotes the production of radicals and other reactive oxygen species in the working muscle. Growing evidence indicates that reactive oxygen species are responsible for exercise-induced protein oxidation and contribute to muscle fatigue. To protect against exercise-induced oxidative injury, muscle cells contain complex endogenous cellular(More)
Prolonged mechanical ventilation (MV) results in oxidative damage in the diaphragm; however, it is unclear whether this MV-induced oxidative injury occurs rapidly or develops slowly over time. Furthermore, it is unknown whether both soluble (cytosolic) and insoluble (myofibrillar) proteins are equally susceptible to oxidation during MV. These experiments(More)
Prolonged periods of skeletal muscle inactivity lead to a loss of muscle protein and strength. Advances in cell biology have progressed our understanding of those factors that contribute to muscle atrophy. To this end, abundant evidence implicates oxidative stress as a potential regulator of proteolytic pathways leading to muscle atrophy during periods of(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a 2-hour exercise bout on sweat iron and zinc concentrations and losses in males and females. Nine male and 9 female recreational cyclists exercised at approximately 50% VO(2peak) in a temperate environment (Ta = 23 degrees C, RH = 51%). Sweat samples were collected for 15 min during each of four(More)
RATIONALE Unloading the diaphragm via mechanical ventilation (MV) results in rapid diaphragmatic fiber atrophy. It is unknown whether the myonuclear domain (cytoplasmic myofiber volume/myonucleus) of diaphragm myofibers is altered during MV. OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that MV-induced diaphragmatic atrophy is associated with a loss of myonuclei via(More)
OBJECTIVE Nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents are commonly used in the intensive care setting, but they have occasionally been associated with development of myopathy. In addition, diaphragmatic atrophy and a reduction in diaphragmatic force were reported after short-term controlled mechanical ventilation in animal models. We hypothesized that(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether apocynin protects the diaphragm from wasting and oxidative stress during mechanical ventilation (MV). DESIGN Prospective, randomized, controlled study. SETTING Research laboratory. SUBJECTS Adult female Sprague-Dawley rats. INTERVENTIONS Rats were randomly assigned to one of five experimental groups: 1) acutely(More)
More than a decade ago it was reported in the journal Nature that the slope of improvement in the men's and women's running records, extrapolated from mean running velocity plotted against historical time, would eventually result in a performance intersection of the sexes across a variety of running distances. The first of these intersections was to occur(More)
RATIONALE Prolonged controlled mechanical ventilation results in diaphragmatic inactivity and promotes oxidative injury, atrophy, and contractile dysfunction in this important inspiratory muscle. However, the impact of controlled mechanical ventilation on global mRNA alterations in the diaphragm remains unknown. OBJECTIVES In these experiments, we used an(More)
This study evaluated the effectiveness of low-load resistance training with a blood flow restriction (LL(BFR)) to attenuate muscle loss and weakness after 30 days of unilateral lower limb suspension (ULLS). Sixteen subjects (ages 18-50 yr) underwent 30 days of ULLS. Measurements of muscle strength, cross-sectional area, and endurance on the knee extensors(More)