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The effects of particle size and pelleting on growth performance, carcass characteristics, nutrient digestibility, and stomach morphology were determined using 160 finishing pigs. The pigs were fed a corn-soybean meal-based diet with the corn milled to particle sizes of 1,000, 800, 600, or 400 microns. The diets were fed in meal or pellet form. Pelleting(More)
Rations containing varying ratios of corn, high-oil corn, soybean meal, and mechanically expelled soybean meal were pelleted. The effects of ingredients, conditioning steam pressure, and mixing paddle configuration inside the conditioner on pellet quality were investigated. Ration ingredients strongly affected pellet quality. Increasing the protein content(More)
A total of 240 weanling pigs (22 d of age and 5.3 kg average BW) were used to determine the effects of particle size of corn and two sorghum hybrids on diet processing, growth performance, apparent digestibility of nutrients, and morphology of the stomach and intestines in weanling pigs. Treatments were corn, hard endosperm sorghum, and soft endosperm(More)
The effects of particle size uniformity and mill type used to grind corn were determined in three experiments. In Exp. 1, 120 pigs (47.8 kg initial BW) were used. Treatments were 1) a 40:60 blend of coarsely rolled (in a roller mill) and finely ground (in a hammermill) corn with a large standard deviation (sgw) of particle size (sgw of 2.7), 2) hammermilled(More)
Thirty-eight second-parity sows were used to determine the effects of particle size of corn in lactation diets on nutrient metabolism. The sows were fed a corn-soybean meal-based diet with the corn ground to targeted average particle diameters of 1,200, 900, 600, and 400 microns. Loss of BW and backfat and litter performance were not influenced by treatment(More)
One hundred primiparous sows were used to determine the effects of particle size of corn in lactation diets on sow and litter performance. The sows were fed a corn-soybean meal-based diet with the corn ground to 1,200, 900, 600, or 400 microns. Particle size of corn had no influence on sow BW or backfat loss (P > .30), subsequent weaning-to-estrus interval(More)
Rate and efficiency of gain were not affected by adding as much as 20% distillers dried grains in isocaloric diets for nursery pigs or 30% in isocaloric diets for finishing pigs. These results demonstrate that the previously suggested maximums of 5% dis-tillers dried grains in nursery diets and 10% distillers dried grains in finishing diets are too(More)
Two trials were conducted to determine the effects of steam-flaked sorghum grain bulk density on animal performance, cost of production, and propensity to induce ruminal acidosis in feedlot steers. In Trial 1, 336 yearling steers (343 kg; SEM = .346) were fed diets for 125 d that contained sorghum grain (82.5%, DM basis) flaked to .283 (L), .322 (M), or(More)
Three experiments were conducted to determine the effects of omitting vitamin and trace mineral premixes and(or) reducing inorganic phosphorus additions to finishing diets on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and muscle quality in pigs. In Exp. 1, a corn-soybean meal-based diet (.70% lysine, .65% Ca, and .55% P) was used as the control. Pigs (n =(More)
Three experiments were conducted to study the effects of extrusion processing on growth performance of weanling pigs. In Exp. 1, 350 weanling pigs (initially 4.4 +/- 1.0 kg BW and 10 +/- 2 d of age) were used to study the effects of various carbohydrate sources (corn, cornstarch, broken rice, wheat flour, and grain sorghum), with or without moist extrusion(More)