Keith Bonham

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Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors (HDIs) are documented for their role in activation and/or repression of gene expression. Currently, it is believed that HDAC inhibitors act at the histone level to alter chromatin dynamics through the inactivation of HDACs thereby resulting in histone hyperacetylation and increased transcriptional activation. However,(More)
The unfolded protein response (UPR) is activated in response to hypoxia-induced stress such as in the tumor microenvironment. This study examined the role of CREB3L1 (cyclic AMP [cAMP]-responsive element-binding protein 3-like protein 1), a member of the UPR, in breast cancer development and metastasis. Initial experiments identified the loss of CREB3L1(More)
Human pp60c-Src (or c-Src) is a 60 kDa nonreceptor tyrosine kinase encoded by the SRC gene and is the cellular homologue to the potent transforming v-Src viral oncogene. c-Src functions at the hub of a vast array of signal transduction cascades that influence cellular proliferation, differentiation, motility, and survival. c-Src activation has been(More)
Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) induce cell cycle arrest, differentiation and/or apoptosis in numerous cancer cell types and have shown promise in clinical trials. These agents are particularly novel, given their ability to selectively influence gene expression. Previously, we demonstrated that the HDIs butyrate and trichostatin A (TSA) directly(More)
N-myristoyltransferase (NMT) exists in two isoforms, NMT1 and NMT2, that catalyze myristoylation of various proteins crucial in signal transduction, cellular transformation, and oncogenesis. We have recently demonstrated that NMT1 is essential for the early development of mouse embryo. In this report, we have demonstrated that an invariant consequence of(More)
We systematically investigated the impact of the relative maturation levels of dendritic cells (DCs) on their cell surface phenotype, expression of cytokines and chemokines/chemokine receptors (by DNA array and RNase protection analyses), biological activities, and abilities to induce tumor immunity. Mature DCs expressed significantly heightened levels of(More)
We have recently reported novel short nucleotide (six and eighteen) polymorphic insertions, in the MCL-1 promoter and their association with higher mRNA and protein levels. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that these insertions directly affect MCL-1 gene expression. Haematopoietic and epithelial human cell lines were transfected with(More)
A number of viral and eukaryotic proteins which undergo a lipophilic modification by the enzyme N-myristoyltransferase (NMT: NMT1 and NMT2) are required for signal transduction and regulatory functions. To investigate whether NMT2 contributes to the pathogenesis of colorectal carcinoma, we observed a higher expression of NMT2 in most of the cases of(More)
The human SRC gene encodes pp60(c-src), a non-receptor tyrosine kinase involved in numerous signaling pathways. Activation or overexpression of c-Src has also been linked to a number of important human cancers. Transcription of the SRC gene is complex and regulated by two closely linked but highly dissimilar promoters, each associated with its own distinct(More)
The SRC gene encodes the proto-oncogene pp60(c-)(src), a tyrosine kinase implicated in numerous signal transduction pathways. In addition, the SRC gene is differentially expressed, developmentally regulated, and frequently overexpressed in human neoplasia. However, the mechanisms regulating its expression have not been completely explored. Here we describe(More)