Keith Ballingall

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 We describe the development of a polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based approach for analysis of genetic diversity at the DQA loci in African Bos indicus and Bos taurus cattle. This approach, equally effective in European and Asian cattle breeds, detects the presence or absence of DQA1 and most duplicated DQA2 genes. Nucleotide and predicted amino acid(More)
Previous work made use of nucleic acid probes corresponding to different subtypes of the class II regions of the human and murine major histocompatibility complex (MHC) to isolate seven different alpha and 24 different beta genes of the ovine MHC from two cosmid libraries. In an attempt to identify pairs of alpha and beta genes capable of cell surface(More)
The class II genes of the sheep major histocompatibility complex (MHC) have been cloned from two unrelated heterozygous sheep into cosmid vectors. By restriction mapping and hybridization with a number of class II probes of human and mouse origin, the cloned genetic material has been assigned to seven distinct alpha genes, 10 distinct beta genes and 14(More)
The ovine major histocompatibility complex (MHC) remains poorly characterized compared with those of other livestock species. Molecular genetic analysis of the bovine MHC has revealed considerable haplotype and allelic diversity that earlier serological analysis had not detected. To develop cellular and molecular tools to support development of vaccines(More)
A map of the ovine MHC class II DQ subregion has been constructed from overlapping cosmid clones. This region consists of two loci linked on a linear tract of 130 kb DNA. Each locus consists of a DQA and a DQB gene in a tail-to-tail orientation. The genes in each locus are transcribed but only those designated DQ1 express class II molecules at the surface(More)
Nomenclature for Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) genes and alleles in species other than humans and mice has historically been overseen either informally by groups generating sequences, or by formal nomenclature committees set up by the International Society for Animal Genetics (ISAG). The suggestion for a Comparative MHC Nomenclature Committee was(More)
The protozoan parasite Theileria parva infects and transforms bovine lymphocytes, giving rise to a fatal lymphoproliferative condition known as East Coast fever. Although immune cattle mount strong cytolytic T lymphocyte responses to the parasite, naive animals appear unable to respond and develop severe immunopathological lesions. We have investigated the(More)
A statistically derived disease reaction index based on parasitological, clinical and haematological measurements observed in 309 5 to 8-month-old Boran cattle following laboratory challenge with Theileria parva is described. Principal component analysis was applied to 13 measures including first appearance of schizonts, first appearance of piroplasms and(More)
Because major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes play a major role in the development of acquired immune responses, it is essential to obtain comparative information on their organisation, expression and possible functional dichotomies in different species. In human, three classical, polymorphic class I genes (HLA-A, B- and -C) and four expressed A/B(More)
The fine specificities of two panels of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) for sheep major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules were determined using five mouse L-cell transfectants, each expressing a defined sheep DQ or DR MHC class II A/B gene pair. Using the transfectants in an indirect fluorescence antibody assay, previous immunochemical(More)