Keith B. Hartman

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Nanotechnology offers many opportunities for enhanced diagnostic and therapeutic medicine against cancer and other diseases. In this review, the special properties that result from the nanoscale size of quantum dots, metal colloids, superparamagnetic iron oxide, and carbon-based nanostructures are reviewed and interpreted against a background of the(More)
We report the nanoscale loading and confinement of aquated Gd3+n-ion clusters within ultra-short single-walled carbon nanotubes (US-tubes); these Gd3+n@US-tube species are linear superparamagnetic molecular magnets with Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) efficacies 40 to 90 times larger than any Gd3+-based contrast agent (CA) in current clinical use.
Carbon nanotube (CNT) materials are of special interest as potential tools for biomedical applications. However, available toxicological data concerning single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) remain contradictory. Here, we compared the effects of SWNTs as a function of dose, length, and surface chemistry in Swiss(More)
With their nanoscalar, superparamagnetic Gd(3+)-ion clusters (1 x 5 nm) confined within ultrashort (20-80 nm) single-walled carbon nanotube capsules, gadonanotubes are high-performance T1-weighted contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). At 1.5 T, 37 degrees C, and pH 6.5, the r1 relaxivity (ca. 180 mM(-1) s(-1) per Gd(3+) ion) of gadonanotubes(More)
Photoacoustic tomography is a rapidly growing imaging modality that can provide images of high spatial resolution and high contrast at depths up to 5 cm. We report here the design, synthesis, and evaluation of an activatable probe that shows great promise for enabling detection of the cleaved probe in the presence of high levels of nonactivated, uncleaved(More)
Gadonanotubes (GNTs), which are powerful new T(1)-weighted MRI contrast agents, were derivatized with serine amino acid substituents to produce water-soluble (2 mg ml(-1)) ser-gadonanotubes (ser-GNs) as magnetic nanoprobes for intracellular labeling. The ser-GNTs were used to efficiently label MCF-7 human breast cancer cells (1.5 x 10(9) Gd(3+) ions/cell)(More)
A new Rh(6)(CO)(16)-catalyzed functionalization of gadonanotube MRI probes offers the opportunity to prepare a number of amino acid and peptide derivatized gadonanotubes under RT conditions, containing, for example, the cyclic RGD peptide for the biological targeting of cancer.
Raman imaging offers unsurpassed sensitivity and multiplexing capabilities. However, its limited depth of light penetration makes direct clinical translation challenging. Therefore, a more suitable way to harness its attributes in a clinical setting would be to couple Raman spectroscopy with endoscopy. The use of an accessory Raman endoscope in conjunction(More)