Keith A. Porter

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A state-of-the-art seismic performance assessment is illustrated through application to a reinforcedconcrete moment-frame building designed per current (2003) building code provisions. Performance is quantified in terms of economic losses and collapse safety. The assessment includes site-specific seismic hazard analyses, nonlinear dynamic structural(More)
This report documents Tasks 4.1 and 4.5 of the CUREE-Caltech Woodframe Project. It presents a theoretical and empirical methodology for creating probabilistic relationships between seismic shaking severity and physical damage and loss for buildings in general, and for woodframe buildings in particular. The methodology, called assembly-based vulnerability(More)
................................................................................................................................. iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS .......................................................................................................... vii TABLE OF CONTENTS(More)
The focus of this paper is Bayesian state and parameter estimation using nonlinear models. A recently developed method, the particle filter, is studied that is based on stochastic simulation. Unlike the well-known extended Kalman filter, the particle filter is applicable to highly nonlinear models with non-Gaussian uncertainties. Recently developed(More)
This paper examines the question of which sources of uncertainty most strongly affect the repair cost of a building in a future earthquake. Uncertainties examined here include spectral acceleration, ground-motion details, mass, damping, structural force-deformation behavior, building-component fragility, contractor costs, and the contractor’s overhead and(More)
A seismic risk assessment is often performed on behalf of a buyer of commercial buildings in seismically active regions. One outcome of the assessment is that a probable maximum loss (PML) is computed. PML is of limited use to real-estate investors as it has no place in a standard financial analysis and reflects too long a planning period. We introduce an(More)
We examine the cost-effectiveness of improvements in woodframe buildings. These include retrofits, redesign measures, and improved quality in 19 hypothetical woodframe dwellings. We estimated cost-effectiveness for each improvement and each zip code in California. The dwellings were designed under the CUREE-Caltech Woodframe Project. Costs and seismic(More)
Performance-based features of the recent first European Standard for seismic design of buildings (EN1998-1:2004) and of the final draft European Standard for seismic assessment and retrofitting of buildings (prEN1998-3, May 2004) are reviewed, with emphasis on concrete buildings. EN1998-1:2004 includes two performance levels: (a) local collapse endangering(More)
We examine seismic risk from the commercial real estate investor’s viewpoint. We present a methodology to estimate the uncertain net asset value (NAV) of an investment opportunity considering market risk and seismic risk. For seismic risk, we employ a performance-based earthquake engineering methodology called assembly-based vulnerability (ABV). For market(More)