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BACKGROUND Limited data compare once-daily options for initial therapy for HIV-1. OBJECTIVE To compare time to virologic failure; first grade-3 or -4 sign, symptom, or laboratory abnormality (safety); and change or discontinuation of regimen (tolerability) for atazanavir plus ritonavir with efavirenz-containing initial therapy for HIV-1. DESIGN A(More)
Once-daily (QD) fosamprenavir (FPV) at 1,400 mg boosted with low-dose ritonavir (RTV) at 200 mg is effective when it is used in combination regimens for the initial treatment of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Whether a lower RTV boosting dose (i.e., 100 mg QD) could ensure sufficient amprenavir (APV) concentrations with improved safety/tolerability(More)
  • K A Pappa
  • 1990
Mupirocin is a novel antibiotic totally unrelated in chemical structure and mode of action to any other clinically useful class of antibiotics. It has greatest antibacterial activity against aerobic gram-positive cocci, namely, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Streptococcus pyogenes, and other beta-hemolytic streptococci. Bactroban(More)
BACKGROUND Once-daily (QD) ritonavir 100 mg-boosted fosamprenavir 1400 mg (FPV/r100) or atazanavir 300 mg (ATV/r100), plus tenofovir/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) 300 mg/200 mg, have not been compared as initial antiretroviral treatment. To address this data gap, we conducted an open-label, multicenter 48-week study (ALERT) in 106 antiretroviral-naïve,(More)
BACKGROUND Dolutegravir (S/GSK1349572), a once-daily, unboosted integrase inhibitor, was recently approved in the United States for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection in combination with other antiretroviral agents. Dolutegravir, in combination with abacavir-lamivudine, may provide a simplified regimen. METHODS We(More)
This study compared heartburn severity, numberof episodes, and changes in esophageal pH induced bythree meals. Symptomatic volunteers consumed thefollowing on different occasions: McDonald's Quarter Pounder, french fries, and chocolate shake;McDonald's Sausage Biscuit with Egg, cheese, raw onion,and chocolate milk; and Wendy's Chili and red wine.Increases(More)
BACKGROUND Antiretroviral regimens with simplified dosing and better safety are needed to maximize the efficiency of antiretroviral delivery in resource-limited settings. We investigated the efficacy and safety of antiretroviral regimens with once-daily compared to twice-daily dosing in diverse areas of the world. METHODS AND FINDINGS 1,571 HIV-1-infected(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the lipid and metabolic effects, efficacy, and safety of twice-daily regimens of Trizivir (abacavir 300 mg/lamivudine 150 mg/zidovudine 300 mg triple nucleoside tablet; TZV), Combivir (lamivudine 150 mg/zidovudine 300 mg combination tablet; COM)+nelfinavir (NFV), and stavudine (d4 T)+lamivudine (3TC)+NFV. STUDY DESIGN An(More)
The SINGLE study was a randomized, double-blind, noninferiority study that evaluated the safety and efficacy of 50 mg dolutegravir + abacavir/lamivudine versus efavirenz/tenofovir/emtricitabine in 833 ART-naive HIV-1 + participants. Of 833 randomized participants, 71% in the dolutegravir + abacavir/lamivudine arm and 63% in the(More)
OBJECTIVE We compared the rate of emergence of thymidine analogue mutations (TAMs) and major protease inhibitor mutations in adherent patients who remained on stable treatment with a thymidine analogue and/or protease inhibitor after the onset of virologic failure. DESIGN Follow-up genotypic resistance testing was done using archived plasma obtained from(More)