Keith A Nieforth

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The efficacy of murine monoclonal anti-interleukin 2 alpha chain receptor (Tac) antibodies is limited by a short half-life and the development of antibodies to the heterologous protein. The safety, pharmacokinetics-dynamics, and immunosuppressive effect of a humanized anti-Tac antibody (HAT) was evaluated in 12 renal transplant recipients. Ten patients(More)
Enfuvirtide, the first fusion inhibitor approved for the treatment of HIV-1 infection, is a synthetic peptide that binds to HIV-1 glycoprotein 41, blocking the fusion of viral and cellular membranes. When administered subcutaneously at the recommended dose of 90 mg twice daily with optimised background antiretroviral therapy, enfuvirtide significantly(More)
Interferon alfa-2a was chemically modified by the covalent attachment of a polyethylene glycol (PEG) moiety to enhance its circulating half-life and to reduce its immunogenicity. A comparative evaluation of the pharmacokinetics of the PEG-modified interferon alfa-2a showed a greater than twofold increase in the circulating half-life as a result of this(More)
The tolerability and pharmacokinetics of Ro 64-0802, a potent, selective inhibitor of influenza neuraminidase, and its oral prodrug oseltamivir were investigated in three double-blind, placebo-controlled studies. Two studies involved healthy adult volunteers (18-55 years) (n = 48) who received single (20-1000 mg) or bid doses (50-500 mg) (n = 32) of(More)
OBJECTIVE Enfuvirtide (T-20) is the first of a novel class of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) drugs that block gp41-mediated viral fusion to host cells. The objectives of this study were to develop a structural pharmacokinetic model that would adequately characterize the absorption and disposition of enfuvirtide pharmacokinetics after both intravenous(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to characterize population pharmacokinetics of enfuvirtide, 90 mg twice daily injected subcutaneously, in treatment-experienced human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected patients, as well as the relationship between exposure and antiviral effect. METHODS Plasma concentrations of enfuvirtide and HIV-1 ribonucleic acid(More)
This study examined the safety and pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of daclizumab in combination with mycophenolate mofetil (or azathioprine), corticosteroids, and cyclosporine or tacrolimus, in 61 pediatric renal allograft recipients in three age groups: less than or equal to five yr (n = 18), 6-12 yr (n = 18), and 13-17 yr (n = 25). The dosing regimen(More)
Ribavirin (RBV) is an integral part of standard-of-care hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatments and many future regimens under investigation. The pharmacokinetics (PK), safety, and tolerability of RBV in chronically HCV-infected patients with renal impairment are not well defined and were the focus of an open-label PK study in HCV-infected patients receiving RBV(More)
AIMS A modular interdisciplinary platform was developed to investigate the economic impact of oseltamivir treatment by dosage regimen under simulated influenza pandemic scenarios. METHODS The pharmacology module consisted of a pharmacokinetic distribution of oseltamivir carboxylate daily area under the concentration-time curve at steady state (simulated(More)
Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that responds poorly to pharmacologic intervention despite its clinical, neurochemical, and pathologic similarity to Parkinson's disease. We reviewed our experience with drugs used in the treatment of patients with PSP who were followed in the Department of Neurology, University(More)