Keith A. Charnley

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Attempts to improve the effectiveness of entomopathogenic fungi as biological control agents require a clear understanding of the pathogenicity determinants at both the biochemical and molecular level. Proteases play a key role in entomopathogenicity, allowing the fungus to penetrate the insect cuticle and rapidly invade the host. The most extensively(More)
The desert locust Schistocerca gregaria contains a relatively simple but abundant gut microbiota which originated from the insect's diet. The gut bacterial population is dominated by Enterobacteriaceae with a major component of enterococci. Microbial metabolism of secondary plant chemicals in the locust gut produces phenolics useful to the locust host. Some(More)
The ability to adhere to and spread on a surface is a common property of insect blood cells. Spreading on a glass surface by insect hemocytes is often used as a measure of immune fitness that can be inhibited by some insect pathogens and parasites. Here, we report that upon infection of the tobacco hornworm Manduca sexta with either a fungus (Beauveria(More)
The pr1 gene of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae encodes a serine protease that is highly active towards the insect cuticle and whose synthesis is subject to both carbon and nitrogen repression. The pr1 promoter region was sequenced revealing the presence of putative CREA- and AREA-binding sites. In vitro bandshift experiments demonstrated(More)
Three acid phosphatase (AcP) isozymes, pI 8.1, 8.0 and 7.8, were isolated, purified and partially characterised from optimised cultures of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae. The enzymes had similar molecular masses (approximately 44.0 kDa), and could degrade sugar phosphates found in the haemolymph of a host insect, the tobacco hornworm(More)
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