Keitaro Kadono

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To verify the availability of pharmacokinetic parameters in cynomolgus monkeys, hepatic availability (Fh) and the fraction absorbed multiplied by intestinal availability (FaFg) were evaluated to determine their contributions to absolute bioavailability (F) after intravenous and oral administrations. These results were compared with those for humans using 13(More)
This study aimed to establish a practical and convenient method of predicting intestinal availability (F(g)) in humans for highly permeable compounds at the drug discovery stage, with a focus on CYP3A4-mediated metabolism. We constructed a "simplified F(g) model," described using only metabolic parameters, assuming that passive diffusion is dominant when(More)
1. Rats are frequently used in pharmacokinetic studies during drug discovery. However, there is limited information regarding species differences in intestinal availability (Fg) between rats and humans. 2. Here, we directly estimated the fraction of dose absorbed in the portal vein (FaFg) of rats for nine CYP3A substrates using portal-systemic concentration(More)
We investigated whether the effects of intestinal glucuronidation on the first-pass effect can be predicted from in vitro data for UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) substrates. Human in vitro intrinsic glucuronidation clearance (CL(int, UGT)) for 11 UGT substrates was evaluated using pooled intestinal microsomes (4.00-4620 μl · min⁻¹ · mg⁻¹) and corrected(More)
158 Introduction: 337 Discussion: 1250 Number of text Pages: 35 Number of tables: 6 Figures: 3 References: 39 This article has not been copyedited and formatted. The final version may differ from this version. DMD Fast Forward. Published on June 8, 2012 as DOI: 10.1124/dmd.112.045476 at A PE T Jornals on A ril 8, 2017 dm D ow nladed from
Vascular Adhesion Protein-1 (VAP-1) is a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of several inflammatory-related diseases including diabetic microvascular complication. We identified glycine amide derivative 3 as a novel structure with moderate VAP-1 inhibitory activity. Structure-activity relationship studies of glycine amide derivatives revealed(More)
Vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) is a promising therapeutic target for the treatment of diabetic nephropathy. Here, we conducted optimization studies of our lead compound 1, which we previously reported as a novel VAP-1 inhibitor, to enhance the inhibition of human VAP-1 and to reduce CYP3A4 and CYP2C19 inhibition. As a result, we identified(More)
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