Keita Yoshida

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Cephalochordates, urochordates, and vertebrates evolved from a common ancestor over 520 million years ago. To improve our understanding of chordate evolution and the origin of vertebrates, we intensively searched for particular genes, gene families, and conserved noncoding elements in the sequenced genome of the cephalochordate Branchiostoma floridae,(More)
Left–right asymmetric expression of Pitx as well as of Nodal has been observed in some ascidian species, but a mechanism that regulates the asymmetric expression of Pitx remains largely unclear. We addressed the transcription regulatory mechanism of the left–right asymmetric expression of Pitx gene in the ascidian, Ciona intestinalis. We first identified an(More)
Nodal signaling plays an essential role in the establishment of left-right asymmetry in various animals. However, it is largely unknown how Nodal signaling is involved in the establishment of the left-right asymmetric morphology. In this study, the role of Nodal signaling in the left-right asymmetric ocellus formation in the ascidian, Ciona intestinalis was(More)
Knockout of genes with CRISPR/Cas9 is a newly emerged approach to investigate functions of genes in various organisms. We demonstrate that CRISPR/Cas9 can mutate endogenous genes of the ascidian Ciona intestinalis, a splendid model for elucidating molecular mechanisms for constructing the chordate body plan. Short guide RNA (sgRNA) and Cas9 mRNA, when they(More)
Two types of novel iridium pincer complexes bearing a porphyrin backbone were synthesized and characterized from dipyridylporphyrin. One of the complexes has a Lewis acidic site on the iridium center in the mer-coordination mode. The other complex takes the fac-coordination, which is rarely observed in benzene-based pincer complexes.
Pitx genes play important roles in a variety of developmental processes in vertebrates. In an ascidian species, Halocynthia roretzi, Hr-Pitx, the only Pitx gene of this species, has been reported to be expressed in the left epidermis at the tailbud stage. In the present study, first, we have shown that Hr-Pitx is also expressed in the papilla-forming region(More)
This paper discusses a torque estimation method for combustion engines by utilizing nonlinear modeling. In the proposed method a precise nonlinear engine model is described, and is used to estimate the engine torque based on a crankshaft angle. Especially the torsional effect of the crankshaft is considered in the proposed framework to improve the(More)
The ascidian Ciona intestinalis has a high regeneration capacity that enables the regeneration of artificially removed primordial germ cells (PGCs) from somatic cells. We utilized PGC regeneration to establish efficient methods of germ line mutagenesis with transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs). When PGCs were artificially removed from(More)