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Etiology of sarcoidosis remains unknown. A trigger factor from Propionibacterium acnes causes a cellular immune response in some sarcoid patients but not in nonsarcoid subjects. We examined whether experimentally induced hypersensitivity to the trigger factor gives rise to granulomas. Female C57BL/6 mice primed intravenously with P. acnes or not were(More)
Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. NOD2 mutations have been shown to predispose to granulomatous diseases, including Crohn's disease, Blau syndrome, and early-onset sarcoidosis, but not to adult sarcoidosis. We found that intracellular Propionibacterium acnes, a possible causative agent of sarcoidosis, activated NF-kappaB(More)
BACKGROUND Recent reports on Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) suggest that this bacterium is prevalent in the prostate, is associated with acute and chronic prostatic inflammation, and might have a role in prostate carcinogenesis. METHODS To evaluate the pathogenic role of this indigenous bacterium, we screened for the bacterium in radical prostatectomy(More)
Helicobacter pylori has been considered to be non-invasive and to rarely infiltrate the gastric mucosa, even though there is an active Th1 immune response in the lamina propria of the H. pylori-infected stomach. To elucidate whether H. pylori invades the lamina propria and translocates to the gastric lymph nodes, we examined H. pylori in formalin-fixed and(More)
Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. Propionibacterium acnes is the only microorganism so far isolated from sarcoid lesions. To examine whether P. acnes isolates from sarcoid tissues differ from those obtained from non-sarcoid tissues, we studied cell invasiveness, serotype, and polymorphisms of the P. acnes trigger factor(More)
Sarcoidosis likely results from the exposure of a genetically susceptible subject to an environmental agent, possibly an infectious one. Mycobacterial and propionibacterial organisms are the most commonly implicated potential etiologic agents. Propionibacterium acnes is the only microorganism, however, found in sarcoid lesions by bacterial culture. To(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and to analyze the characteristics of p53 point mutation in esophageal intraepithelial lesions. METHODS p53 Immunohistochemical and genetic analyses were performed on histopathologically and morphometrically diagnosed lesions. Laser capture microdissection samples were used for increased(More)
To elucidate whether people with hair follicles containing many Propionibacterium acnes cells are prone to acne, we developed a novel method to count the number of P. acnes in hair follicles. We sampled sebaceous material in hair follicles by aspiration at a constant negative pressure from the nose, forehead, and upper arm of 86 patients with acne vulgaris(More)
Recently, overexpression of γ-glutamylcyclotransferase (GGCT) has been reported in various cancer tissues suggesting that it has significant potential as a diagnostic marker. The aim of this study was to examine the suitability of GGCT for the detection of high-risk lesions at an early stage of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). A total of 200(More)
Numerous publications have reported the presence of periodontopathogenic bacteria in peripheral and central vascular lesions. However, it is unclear how this bacterial translocation occurs. The objective of this study was to investigate whether periodontopathic bacteria are translocated to lymph nodes proximal to the oral cavity. Obtaining lymph node(More)