Keisuke Takahashi

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Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis is one of the most prominent neurobiological findings in major depressive disorder (MDD). The relationship of regional brain metabolism to HPA axis dysfunction in depressed patients, however, is still unclear. In this study, to examine the clinical pharmacotherapeutic effects on HPA axis(More)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is central to the control of vertebrate reproductive cycles and since GnRH orthologs are also present in invertebrates, it is likely that the common ancestor of bilateral animals possessed a GnRH-like peptide. In order to understand the evolutionary and comparative biology of GnRH peptides we cloned the cDNA transcripts(More)
STUDY DESIGN Positional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of control subjects. OBJECTIVES To determine dimensional changes in the lumbar dural sac as a function of posture, and to establish changes between the supine, erect and seated positions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Studies using computerized tomography and MRI were done to determine the(More)
Plasmid DNAs in the range from 2.9 to 12.6 kbp were transferred into Bacillus subtilis ISW1214 intact cells by the use of electroporation. The transformation efficiency (transformants per microgram plasmid DNA) decreased with increases of size of the DNA. However that of 2.0 x 10(3) transformants per microgram of DNA were done routinely, by using a plasmid(More)
Serotonin (5-hydroxytriptamin, 5-HT) triggers germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD) of oocytes and the transporting of the mature oocyte through the gonoduct via cilia motility in bivalves. The 5-HT receptor in the oocyte membrane of the Japanese scallop, Patinopecten yessoensis, has been pharmacologically characterized as a mixed profile of 5-HT(1)/5-HT(2) and(More)
Plasma concentrations of endothelin, a vasoconstrictor peptide released from vascular endothelial cells, have been measured by radioimmunoassay in 100 patients with diabetes mellitus and 19 healthy subjects. The plasma immunoreactive-endothelin concentrations were found to be greatly raised in the patients with diabetes (1,880±120 fmol/l, mean±SEM) compared(More)
Previously, we demonstrated that in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas, a bivalve mollusc) apoptosis could be induced in hemocytes by treatment with Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) peptides which are known to function as an integrin ligand. However, it is unclear where the RGD peptides are binding to the C. gigas hemocytes, or what mechanism or molecules are involved,(More)
1alpha,25-Dihydroxy-2beta-(3-hydroxypropoxy)vitamin D(3) (ED-71), an analog of active vitamin D(3), 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)], possesses a hydroxypropoxy substituent at the 2beta-position of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3). ED-71 has potent biological effects on bone and is currently under phase III clinical studies for bone fracture prevention. It(More)
As an initial step in the functional analysis of lectins in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, we attempted to obtain the full coding sequences of C. gigas lectins and conduct tissue expression analyses. To obtain lectin genes quickly, we identified C. gigas expressed sequence tags that coded for lectins in GenBank, and selected three encoding partial(More)
In many bivalve molluscs, lectins are present in the hemolymph and are thought to be important for internal host defense mechanisms. For this study, we purified a novel isoform of the Manila clam lectin (designated MCL-4) from the plasma of the Manila clam, Ruditapes philippinarum, using affinity chromatography and gel filtration. Native PAGE results showed(More)