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STUDY DESIGN Positional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study of control subjects. OBJECTIVES To determine dimensional changes in the lumbar dural sac as a function of posture, and to establish changes between the supine, erect and seated positions. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Studies using computerized tomography and MRI were done to determine the(More)
Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis is one of the most prominent neurobiological findings in major depressive disorder (MDD). The relationship of regional brain metabolism to HPA axis dysfunction in depressed patients, however, is still unclear. In this study, to examine the clinical pharmacotherapeutic effects on HPA axis(More)
Mantle tissue extracts from the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, exhibited anti-Gram-positive bacterial and lysozyme activities over a wide pH range, suggesting that multiple defensive mantle lysozymes were present. Degenerated reverse-transcription PCR detected the expression of two mantle lysozymes, CGL-1 and a novel lysozyme CGL-3, confirming the(More)
Chitinases are necessary enzymes supporting functions as a host defense factor against chitin-coated pathogens. They also function as a digestive enzyme for the hydrolysis of dietary chitin. We conducted characterization and assessed the tissue expression of the encoding gene of a chitinase (EC 3.2.1.14), Cg-Chit1, and the production of recombinant protein(More)
1alpha,25-Dihydroxy-2beta-(3-hydroxypropoxy)vitamin D(3) (ED-71), an analog of active vitamin D(3), 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) [1,25(OH)(2)D(3)] is under phase III clinical trials in Japan for the treatment of osteoporosis and bone fracture prevention. Since ED-71 has a substituent at the 2beta-position of the A-ring, it is recognized that the(More)
As an initial step in the functional analysis of lectins in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, we attempted to obtain the full coding sequences of C. gigas lectins and conduct tissue expression analyses. To obtain lectin genes quickly, we identified C. gigas expressed sequence tags that coded for lectins in GenBank, and selected three encoding partial(More)
STUDY DESIGN The area in cross-sectional view of the cervical cord (ACSCC) at each disc levels was measured in supine and erect positions using positional magnetic resonance imaging (pMRI). OBJECTIVES To assess the relationship between ACSCC and cervical posture in healthy volunteers using pMRI. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA There have been few detailed(More)
MytiLec; a novel lectin isolated from the Mediterranean mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis); shows strong binding affinity to globotriose (Gb3: Galα1-4Galβ1-4Glc). MytiLec revealed β-trefoil folding as also found in the ricin B-subunit type (R-type) lectin family, although the amino acid sequences were quite different. Classification of R-type lectin family(More)
In bivalve molluscs including oysters, lysozymes play an important role in the host defense mechanisms against invading microbes. However, it remains unclear in which sites/cells the lysozyme genes are expressed and which subsequently produced the enzyme. This study cloned lysozyme cDNAs from the digestive organs of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas and(More)