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This study focused on 3 genetic polymorphisms that have previously been implicated in hypertension: the alpha-adducin (ADD1/Gly460Trp), beta1-adrenoreceptor (ADRB1/Arg389Gly), and G-protein beta3 subunit (GNB3/C825T) gene polymorphisms. We determined genetic variants using the TaqMan system in a large cohort representing the general population in Japan (867(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, a large case-control study (2,851 cases and 2,592 controls) reported that a functional single nuclear polymorphism (SNP) in the proteasome subunit alpha type 6 gene (PSMA6) conferred a risk of myocardial infarction (MI) in a Japanese population. The SNP (exon 1, -8C/G) is located in the 5' untranslated region of exon 1, and the(More)
To examine the possible involvement of a redox regulating mechanism in the pathogenesis of immune-mediated myocarditis, myocarditis was induced by immunization of porcine cardiac myosin in rats and immunohistochemistry and Western blot for thioredoxin (TRX) were performed. Immunohistochemistry for 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and nuclear factor(More)
OBJECTIVE We performed association studies between 118 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of 22 candidate genes (or gene family) and hypertension in a Japanese population. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS The study population consisted of 1880 subjects representing the general population in Japan, recruited from the Suita study. The candidate genes were(More)
BACKGROUND Adriamycin (ADR) is an anticancer drug known to cause severe cardiac toxicity by generating free radicals. We investigated the role of a redox-regulating molecule, thioredoxin-1 (TRX1), in ADR-induced cardiotoxicity. METHODS AND RESULTS The in vitro study showed that TRX1 was dose-dependently increased concomitant with the formation of hydroxyl(More)
Some ANG II receptor type 1 (AT(1)) antagonists are reported to inhibit proinflammatory cytokine production in vitro and in vivo. However, the effects of the drugs on autoimmune diseases are unknown. We tested the hypothesis that olmesartan, a novel AT(1) antagonist, ameliorated experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) in rats attributed to the suppression(More)
Mutations in the proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 ( PCSK9) gene have been reported in affected members of two families with autosomal dominant hypercholesterolemia. To investigate the effects of common variants in PCSK9 on the cholesterol level, we conducted an association study using a large cohort representing the general population in Japan(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac myosin-induced myocarditis is an experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) model used to investigate autoimmunological mechanisms in inflammatory heart diseases and resembles fulminant myocarditis in humans. We investigated the therapeutic role of thioredoxin-1 (TRX-1), a redox-regulatory protein with antioxidant and antiinflammatory(More)
In the present study, the mechanisms and importance of the Fc portion of immunoglobulin in experimental giant cell myocarditis were examined. Giant cell myocarditis was induced in rats by immunization of porcine cardiac myosin. Human intact immunoglobulin (1 g. kg(-1). d(-1)) or F(ab')(2) fragments of human immunoglobulin (1 g. kg(-1). d(-1)) were(More)
Carvedilol, a new beta-blocker with antioxidant properties, has been shown to be cardioprotective in experimental models of myocardial damage. We investigated whether carvedilol protects against experimental autoimmune myocarditis (EAM) because of its suppression of inflammatory cytokines and its antioxidant properties. We orally administered a vehicle,(More)