Keisuke Oguma

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The canine caspase-3 gene was cloned and sequenced. The canine caspase-3 cDNA clone was 1473 base pairs in length and encoded 277 amino acids. The predicted amino acid sequence showed 88.4%, 88.0%, 85.9%, 65.9% and 60.6% homology with that of human, pig, mouse, chicken and zebra fish caspase-3, respectively. The caspase-3 mRNA was confirmed to express in(More)
The Bcl-2 gene is the first member of a rapidly expanding family of genes that regulate apoptosis. Bcl-2 has been shown to repress cell death triggered by a diverse array of stimuli including chemotherapy and gamma-irradiation. Chemotherapy of feline lymphoma is generally carried out with antineoplastic drugs, which are reported to induce apoptosis in tumor(More)
Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) is involved in an important role on inflammatory reactions against various pathogenic microorganisms. Although some investigations suggested a relation between human and murine TLR2 gene polymorphisms and infections or inflammatory reactions, canine TLR2 gene has not been investigated. In the present study, therefore, the canine(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether downregulation of Bcl-2 expression by small interfering RNA (siRNA) against the canine Bcl-2 gene would enhance the apoptosis and sensitivity of a canine mammary gland tumor cell line (CF33) to doxorubicin. Transfections of CF33 with siRNA were performed using cationic liposomes. Sequence-specific(More)
In the current study, primers described previously and modified versions of these primers were evaluated for amplification of full-length gag genes from different equine infectious anemia virus (EIAV) strains from several countries, including the USA, Germany and Japan. Each strain was inoculated into a primary horse leukocyte culture, and the full-length(More)
Maedi/visna (MV) is a lentiviral disease of sheep caused by the maedi/visna virus (MVV). Although MV is prevalent in many countries, it had not been reported in Japan. In 2011, however, three sheep in northern Japan were reported to be seropositive against the MVV antigen, indicating a persistent MVV infection. In the present study, we isolated MVV from one(More)
Polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) apoptosis was examined in three dogs with pyometra by TUNEL assay in a 24-hr incubation period and compared with that in healthy control dogs (n=5). The incidence of apoptotic PMNs in dogs with pyometra was 26.4 +/- 5% and that in healthy dogs was 54.3 +/- 7%. The results indicated that apoptotic PMN rates in dogs with(More)
The expression of Bcl-2 family members, Bcl-xL, Bcl-2, Mcl-1 and Bax was investigated in delayed apoptosis of canine neutrophils induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Apoptotic cell rates in neutrophils stimulated by LPS (100 ng/ml) were measured at 24 h incubation by TUNEL assay. The incidence of apoptotic neutrophils stimulated by LPS at 24 h incubation(More)
The inhibition of Bcl-xL mRNA expression and the acceleration of apoptotic cell rates in canine mammary tumor cell line (CF33) by the small interfering RNA (siRNA) were analyzed. The level of Bcl-xL transcripts in CF33 was decreased when cultured with siRNA, suggesting that siRNA might inhibit the expression of Bcl-xL mRNA in the CF33. Apoptotic cell rates(More)
Tripartite motif-containing 25 (TRIM25) regulates various cellular processes through E3 ubiquitin ligase activity. Previous studies have revealed that the expression of TRIM25 is induced by type I interferon and that TRIM25 is involved in the host cellular innate immune response against retroviral infection. Although retroviral infection is prevalent in(More)