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PURPOSE Hypoxia and its consequences at the molecular level promote tumour progression and affect patient prognosis. One of the main early cellular events evoked by hypoxia is induction of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and subsequent upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). In this study we sought to determine whether hypoxia detected(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide DNA hypomethylation plays an important role in genomic instability and carcinogenesis. DNA methylation in the long interspersed nucleotide element-1, L1 (LINE-1) repetitive element is a good indicator of the global DNA methylation level. In some types of human neoplasms, LINE-1 methylation level is attracting interest as a predictive(More)
PURPOSE Global DNA hypomethylation plays a crucial role in genomic instability and carcinogenesis. DNA methylation of the long interspersed nucleotide element-1, L1 (LINE-1) repetitive element is a good indicator of the global DNA methylation level, and is attracting interest as a useful marker for predicting cancer prognosis. Our previous study using more(More)
Mammalian DNA is epigenetically marked by 5'-cytosine methylation (5-methylcytosine [5-mC]). The Ten-eleven translocation (TET) enzymes (TET1, TET2, and TET3) are implicated in DNA demethylation, through dioxygenase activity that converts 5-mC to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC). Although decreased TET is reportedly associated with decreased 5-hmC levels in(More)
Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are reportedly involved in invasion and metastasis in several types of cancer, including gastric cancer (GC), through the stimulation of CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling. However, the mechanisms underlying these tumor-promoting effects are not well understood, which limits the potential to develop therapeutic targets against(More)
OBJECTIVE Although 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) has been used as a promising tool to diagnose primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) because the tumor shows very high FDG accumulation, no data exist evaluating the extent of tumor FDG transport and metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility(More)
PURPOSE Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is characterized by tissue hypoxia associated with resistance to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. To clarify the biological link between hypoxia and tumour-induced neovascularization and tumour aggressiveness, we analysed detailed volumetric and spatial information of viable hypoxic tissue assessed by(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship between the long interspersed nucleotide element-1 (L1/LINE-1) methylation level and the disease-free survival and cancer-specific survival in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). BACKGROUND Cancer cells exhibit 2 types of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) methylation alterations: global DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide DNA hypomethylation plays a role in genomic instability and carcinogenesis. DNA methylation in the long interspersed nucleotide element 1 L1 (LINE-1) repetitive element is a good indicator of global DNA methylation level. LINE-1 methylation is a useful marker for predicting cancer prognosis and monitoring efficacy of adjuvant therapy.(More)
BACKGROUND We studied whether or not the expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were correlated with the proliferative potential or recurrence of intracranial meningiomas. METHODS The expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-9 of 56 meningioma tissues were examined and scored by immunohistochemistry (IHC). Expressions of the mRNA of each MMP were also examined by reverse(More)