Keisuke Mishiro

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To improve the clinical outcome of patients who suffered ischemic stroke, cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is one of the major concerns that should be conquered. Inflammatory reactions are considered a major contributor to brain injury following cerebral ischemia, and I/R exacerbates these reactions. The aim of this study was to investigate the(More)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether cilostazol, a phosphodiesterase-III inhibitor and antiplatelet drug, would prevent tPA-associated hemorrhagic transformation. Mice subjected to 6-h middle cerebral artery occlusion were treated with delayed tPA alone at 6 h, with combined tPA plus cilostazol at 6 h, or with vehicle at 6 h. We used(More)
We recently reported that a phosphodiesterase-III inhibitor, cilostazol, prevented the hemorrhagic transformation induced by focal cerebral ischemia in mice treated with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) and that it reversed tPA-induced cell damage by protecting the neurovascular unit, particularly endothelial cells. However, the mechanisms of cilostazol(More)
This study investigated the possible ameliorative effects of adipose-derived stem cells-conditioned medium (ASC-CM) on experimental ischemic stroke. In vivo ischemic stroke was induced in mice after 2h of middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) followed by 22 h reperfusion. Culture of SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cells with 100 μM glutamate for 24h was used(More)
Diabetes is a crucial risk factor for stroke and is associated with increased frequency and poor prognosis. Although endothelial dysfunction is a known contributor of stroke, the underlying mechanisms have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism by which chronic hyperglycemia may contribute to the worsened prognosis(More)
Thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is the only FDA-approved therapy for acute ischemic stroke. However, hemorrhagic transformation, neurotoxicity, and a short treatment time window comprise major limitations for thrombolytic therapy. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether fasudil, a Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitor, would(More)
Recent data have shown that TLR4 performs a key role in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury which serves as the origin of the immunological inflammatory reactions. However, the therapeutic effects of pharmacological inhibitions of TLR4 and its immediate down-stream pathway remain to be uncovered. In the present study, on mice, intracerebroventricular(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although long-term treatment with the oral anticoagulant warfarin is widely used to prevent cardioembolic ischemic stroke, it has been reported that warfarin can exacerbate hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after cerebral ischemia. We investigated whether cilostazol, a phosphodiesterase-III inhibitor, suppressed the warfarin-induced HT(More)
Delayed activation of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) can lead to the disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), resulting in hemorrhagic complications. In the present study, we focused on tight junction proteins (TJPs), occludin, zona occludens (ZO)-1, and claudin-5, which are important structural components of the BBB, and investigated whether(More)
Intracranial hemorrhage remains a devastating disease. Among antiplatelet drugs, cilostazol, a phosphodiesterase 3 inhibitor, was recently reported to prevent secondary hemorrhagic stroke in patients in a clinical trial. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether pre-treatment with cilostazol could decrease the intracranial hemorrhage volume and examine(More)