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 Connections from the otolithic organs to sternocleidomastoid (SCM) motoneurons were studied in 20 decerebrate cats. The electrical stimulation was selective for the saccular or the utricular nerves. Postsynaptic potentials were recorded from antidromically identified SCM motoneurons; these muscles participate mainly in neck rotation and flexion. Partial(More)
Neural connections from the saccular and utricular nerves to the ipsilateral vestibular neurons and the commissural effects were studied by using intracellular recordings of excitatory (E) and inhibitory (I) postsynaptic potentials (PSPs) in vestibular neurons of cats after focal stimulation of the saccular and the utricular maculae. Neural circuits from(More)
Nystagmus induced by off-vertical axis rotation (OVAR) about a head yaw axis is composed of a yaw bias velocity and modulations in eye position and velocity as the head changes orientation relative to gravity. The bias velocity is dependent on the tilt of the rotational axis relative to gravity and angular head velocity. For axis tilts <15 degrees, bias(More)
Convergence between posterior canal (PC) and saccular (SAC) inputs in single vestibular nuclei neurons was investigated in decerebrated cats. Postsynaptic potentials were recorded intracellularly after selective stimulation of the SAC and PC nerves. Stimulation of either the SAC or PC nerve orthodromically activated 143 vestibular nuclei neurons. Of these,(More)
The otolith system contributes to the vestibulo-ocular reflexes (VOR) when the head moves linearly in the horizontal plane or tilts relative to gravity. The saccules are thought to detect predominantly accelerations along the gravity vector. Otolith-induced vertical eye movements following vertical linear accelerations are attributed to the saccules.(More)
The convergence of the posterior semicircular canal (PC) and utricular (UT) inputs in single vestibular nuclei neurons was studied intracellularly in decerebrate cats. A total of 160 vestibular neurons were orthodromically activated by selective stimulation of the PC and the UT nerve and classified according to whether or not they were antidromically(More)
Saccular and utricular organs are essential for postural stability and gaze control. Although saccular and utricular inputs are known to terminate on vestibular neurons, few previous studies have precisely elucidated the origin of these inputs. We investigated the saccular and utricular inputs to single vestibular neurons in whole vestibular nuclei of(More)
In the last two decades, we have focused on establishing a reliable technique for focal stimulation of vestibular receptors to evaluate neural connectivity. Here, we summarize the vestibular-related neuronal circuits for the vestibulo-ocular reflex, vestibulocollic reflex, and vestibulospinal reflex arcs. The focal stimulating technique also uncovered some(More)
Convergence of both afferents from the PC and saccular macula, and those from the PC and utricular macula on single vestibular neurons was noted by use of intercellular recording from vestibular neurons. Vestibular neurons were classified VO neurons (vestibulo-ocular proper neurons), VOS (Vestibulo-oculo-spinal neurons sending axon collaterals both to the(More)
We examined whether otolith-activated second- and third-order vestibular nucleus neurons received commissural inhibition from the contralateral otolithic macula oriented in the same geometric plane. For this purpose we performed intracellular recording in vestibular nucleus neurons after stimulation of the ipsi- and contralateral utricular and saccular(More)