Keisuke Kitakaze

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To develop a novel enzyme replacement therapy for neurodegenerative Tay-Sachs disease (TSD) and Sandhoff disease (SD), which are caused by deficiency of β-hexosaminidase (Hex) A, we designed a genetically engineered HEXB encoding the chimeric human β-subunit containing partial amino acid sequence of the α-subunit by structure-based homology modeling. We(More)
We describe a novel peptide ligation/desulfurization strategy using a β-mercapto-N-glycosylated asparagine derivative. The newly developed procedure was successfully applied to the total chemical synthesis of the GM2 ganglioside activator protein bearing a monosaccharide on the native glycosylation site.
GM2 gangliosidoses, including Tay-Sachs and Sandhoff diseases, are neurodegenerative lysosomal storage diseases that are caused by deficiency of β-hexosaminidase A, which comprises an αβ heterodimer. There are no effective treatments for these diseases; however, various strategies aimed at restoring β-hexosaminidase A have been explored. Here, we produced a(More)
GM2 gangliosidoses are autosomal recessive lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) caused by mutations in the HEXA, HEXB and GM2A genes, which encode the human lysosomal β-hexosaminidase (Hex) α- and β-subunits, and GM2 activator protein (GM2A), respectively. These diseases are associated with excessive accumulation of GM2 ganglioside (GM2) in the brains of(More)
To find a new biomarker of Tay-Sachs disease and Sandhoff disease. The lyso-GM2 ganglioside (lyso-GM2) levels in the brain and plasma in Sandhoff mice were measured by means of high performance liquid chromatography and the effect of a modified hexosaminidase (Hex) B exhibiting Hex A-like activity was examined. Then, the lyso-GM2 concentrations in human(More)
A synthetic protocol for the preparation of 162-residue S-monoglycosylated GM2-activator protein (GM2AP) analogues bearing various amino acid substitutions for Thr69 has been developed. The facile incorporation of the replacements into the protein was achieved by means of a one-pot/N-to-C-directed sequential ligation strategy using readily accessible middle(More)
Peptide thioesters are very useful in protein chemistry, and chemistry- and biochemistry-based protocols are used for the preparation of thioesters. Among such protocols, only a few biochemistry-based approaches have been use for naturally occurring peptide sequences. The development of chemistry-based protocols applicable to natural sequences remains a(More)
Going to SEA(lide): Total chemical synthesis of a 162-residue glycoprotein analogue of the monoglycosylated human GM2-activator protein (GM2AP) was achieved. Key steps were the use of N-sulfanylethylanilide (SEAlide) peptides in the kinetic chemical ligation synthesis of a large peptide fragment, and a convergent native chemical ligation for final fragment(More)
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