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Helicobacter (H.) suis is capable of infecting various animals including humans, and H. suis infections can lead to gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. Recently, we reported that interferon-γ (IFN-γ) was highly expressed in the stomachs of H. suis-infected mice, but the direct relationship between the upregulation of IFN-γ expression(More)
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra and dopamine depletion in the striatum. Although the motor symptoms are still regarded as the main problem, non-motor symptoms in PD also markedly impair the quality of life. Several non-motor symptoms,(More)
We developed a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method which has high sensitivity and simple technique in order to investigate the presence or absence of human T lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) provirus in cord blood mononuclear cells of neonates born to HTLV-I carrier mothers. Out of 40, three subjects were found to contain the HTLV-I provirus genome.(More)
A series of metal chlorides were subjected to the wing spot test of Drosophila melanogaster. In the test, larvae trans-heterozygous for the wing-hair mutations mwh and flr were orally treated at the third instar stage with a test compound and the wings were inspected at the adult stage for spots expressing phenotypes of the markers. CoCl2, MnCl2, MoCl3,(More)
The spectrum of mutations induced by cobalt(II) chloride (CoCl2) was examined using plasmid pUB3 DNA, which was propagated after transfection into Escherichia coli SY1032/pKY241 host cells. The vector plasmid carried an E.coli supF suppressor tRNA gene as a target for mutations. After CoCl2 treatment, 64 independent nalidixic acid-resistant,(More)
Breast feeding is known to be a major cause of vertical transmission of HTLV-I from mothers to her children. The infectiousness of HTLV-I in breast milk was reported to be lost during freezing and thawing processes. We therefore administered frozen-and-thawed breast milk of HTLV-I carriers to their babies. Among the 13 babies given the frozen-and-thawed(More)
A novel neutrophil elastase inhibitor, ONO-5046, was administered to BB/DR rats and DBA/1 mice immunized with type II collagen to study its effect on the development of collagen-induced arthritis (CA), an experimental model of human rheumatoid arthritis. ONO-5046 reduced the incidence as well as the severity of CA in both rats and mice. This suppressive(More)
Acute joint inflammation was produced in BALB/c mice by a single intravenous injection of synthetic muramyl dipeptide (MDP), its stereoisomers and 6-O-acyl derivatives of MDP. Four adjuvant-active, but not five adjuvant-inactive MDP analogs induced acute swelling and erythema of the ankles and wrists which were detected around 6-10 hr, reached the maximum(More)
A T cell line specific to human type II collagen (CII) was selected and propagated from DBA/1J mice immunized with human CII. The line cells were not reactive to type I or type III collagen of human origin, but they were cross-reactive to bovine, rat, and rabbit CII and they recognized both native and heat-denatured human CII. The cells were reactive to an(More)