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Recently, sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (SALS), a fatal neurological disease, has been shown to be a multisystem proteinopathy of TDP-43 in which both neurons and glial cells in the central nervous system are widely affected. In general, the natural history of SALS is short (<5 years). However, it is also known that a few patients may survive for(More)
The aim of this study was to clarify whether autoimmunity against P/Q-type voltage-gated calcium channels (VGCCs) in the cerebellum was associated with the pathogenesis of paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration (PCD) with Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (LEMS). We used human autopsy cerebellar tissues from three PCD-LEMS patients and six other disease(More)
The effect of methylmercury chloride (MMC) on the developing rat nervous system was studied by light microscopy. Rats on postnatal day 2 (P2), P15 and P60 were administered 10 mg/kg/day MMC orally for 10 days. In newborn (after P2) rats, there was no abnormal activity or body weight loss. Young (after P15) rats showed weight loss on the 9th day after(More)
Heart tissues of patients with PD or incidental Lewy body (LB) disease (ILBD) were examined by light and electron microscopy. LBs and alpha-synuclein-positive neurites were identified in the hearts from 9 of 11 patients with PD and from 7 of 7 patients with ILBD. LBs were present in both tyrosine hydroxylase-positive and -negative nerve processes, which are(More)
UNLABELLED Myocardial imaging with 123I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) was performed on 35 patients with Parkinson's disease and 24 control subjects to evaluate cardiac sympathetic function in patients with Parkinson's disease, verify this phenomenon and examine whether myocardial MIBG uptake and clearance are correlated with the clinical severity of(More)
We performed post-mortem examinations of three patients with progressive neurogenic amyotrophy of long duration. One patient had been clinically diagnosed as having sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and two had been diagnosed with progressive spinal muscular atrophy (PSMA). The disease durations were 10, 17 and 20 years, respectively, and all of(More)
Tau is the pathological protein in several neurodegenerative disorders classified as frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), including corticobasal degeneration (CBD) and progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). We report an unusual tauopathy in three Japanese patients presenting with Parkinsonism and motor neuron disease (neuroimaging revealed(More)
We have recently found that in the human locus ceruleus (LC) some pigmented neurons contain granules in their cytoplasm that are immunoreactive (IR) for 38-kDa synaptic vesicle-specific protein (SVP). These represent synaptic terminals enveloped in the somatic cytoplasm. In the present study we analyzed LC pigmented neurons morphometrically in 48 autopsied(More)
We report a sporadic tauopathy of 6-year duration in a 76-year-old woman. Her initial symptoms were asymmetrical parkinsonism and muscle weakness, with apraxia appearing 2 years later. The brain showed frontal and temporal cerebral atrophy; severe neuronal loss and gliosis were observed in the precentral cortex (loss of Betz cells was also evident) and(More)
We carried out immunohistochemical examination of apolipoprotein E (apoE) in brains from two patients with Pick's disease. In these cases 1 and 2, the APOE genotypes were epsilon 3/4 and epsilon 3/3, respectively. In both cases, numerous argyrophilic globular intraneuronal inclusions, Pick bodies (PBs), were distributed widely throughout the brain, and(More)