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BACKGROUND Sick sinus syndrome (SSS) is a common arrhythmia often associated with aging or organic heart diseases but may also occur in a familial form with a variable mode of inheritance. Despite the identification of causative genes, including cardiac Na channel (SCN5A), the pathogenesis and molecular epidemiology of familial SSS remain undetermined(More)
The complex processes of spermatogenesis are regulated by various factors. The aim of the current study is to determine the effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on spermatogonial proliferation and clarify the mechanism causing the proliferation in newt testis. In the organ culture, EGF stimulated spermatogonial proliferation, but not their(More)
An HPLC-peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence (PO-CL) method for simultaneous determination of methylphenidate (MPH) and ritalinic acid (RA) was developed. The method was used to monitor MPH and RA after administration of MPH to rats. Deproteinized plasma spiked with 1-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)piperazine (IS) was dried and labeled with(More)
Organophosphate (OP) insecticides as an anticholinesterase also act on the diverse serine hydrolase targets, thereby revealing secondary or unexpected toxic effects including male reproductive toxicity. The present investigation detects a possible target molecule(s) for OP-induced spermatotoxicity (sperm deformity, underdevelopment, and reduced motility)(More)
We have previously shown FSH promotes spermatogonial proliferation and their differentiation into primary spermatocytes in organ culture of newt testicular fragments. Several growth factors identified in newt testis, such as stem cell factor (SCF), insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I, and neuregulin (NRG)1, also stimulate spermatogonial proliferation in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether or not the lesions in sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) originate from a single focal onset site and spread contiguously by prion-like cell-to-cell propagation in the rostrocaudal direction along the spinal cord, as has been hypothesised (the 'single seed and simple propagation' hypothesis). METHODS Subjects(More)
In newt testis, spermatocytes never appear during winter, because secondary spermatogonia die by apoptosis just before meiosis. In the current study, we examined the effect of low temperatures on spermatogenesis. Incubation of newts at low temperatures (8, 12, 15 degrees C) induced defects in spermatogenesis in a temperature-dependent manner. At 8 degrees(More)
AIM  Experimental materials incorporating fiberglass cloth were used to develop a thin and lightweight face guard (FG). This study aims to evaluate the effect of fiberglass reinforcement on the flexural and shock absorption properties compared with conventional thermoplastic materials. MATERIAL AND METHOD  Four commercial 3.2-mm and 1.6-mm medical splint(More)
Enhancement of peroxyoxalate chemiluminescence (PO-CL) intensity by a surfactant in the H(2)O(2)/bis(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)oxalate (TCPO)/rhodamine B system was described. The effects of 15 surfactants were evaluated by comparing the ratio of a relative CL intensity (RCI) with surfactant to that of the blank in each system. In preliminary study,(More)
BACKGROUND Licorice, the primary ingredient of the Japanese herbal medicine shakuyaku-kanzo-to, can cause pseudoaldosteronism. Thus, shakuyaku-kanzo-to can cause this condition. CASE DESCRIPTION A 79-year-old woman was brought to the emergency room. She had been experiencing general fatigue, numbness in the hands, and weakness in the lower limbs and could(More)