Keimin Lee

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This report describes the distribution of histochemically identified 'non-specific' cholinesterase (ChE)-containing neurons in the dorsal thalamus of the rat. Juvenile or young adult Long-Evans or Sprague-Dawley rats were sacrificed by formalin perfusion. Some animals received systemic injections of 1.5-2.0 mg/kg DFP 4-24 h prior to sacrifice. Separate(More)
Cyclooxygenase (COX) products and pattern recognition receptors are important modulators of neuroinflammation; however, the role of prostaglandins and toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling and the functional crosstalk between COX modulators remains unclear, especially in astrocytes that closely modulate neuronal functions. Here, we studied the effect of(More)
Bradykinin is an important peptide modulator that affects the function of neurons and immune cells. However, there is no evidence of the bradykinin receptors and their functions in human salivary glands. Here we have identified and characterized bradykinin receptors on human submandibular gland cells. Both bradykinin B1 and B2 receptors are expressed on(More)
We have shown earlier that nicotinic agonists induce the release of noradrenaline from chick sympathetic neurons in culture in two ways: (a) by activating the postsynaptic nicotinic receptors on nerve cell bodies, giving rise to spreading electrical activity and opening of voltage operated calcium channels in neuronal processes; (b) by activating the(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous pollutants which accumulate in the food chain. Recently, several molecular mechanisms by which non-dioxin-like (NDL) PCBs mediate neurodevelopmental and neurobehavioral toxicity have been elucidated. However, although the G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR) is a significant target for neurobehavioral(More)
The hypothalamus in the brain is the main center for appetite control and integrates signals from adipose tissue and the gastrointestinal tract. Antidepressants are known to modulate the activities of hypothalamic neurons and affect food intake, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms by which antidepressants modulate hypothalamic function remain unclear.(More)
PCB19, a 2,2′,6-trichlorinated biphenyl, is one of many non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (NDL-PCBs), which are ubiquitous pollutants. NDL-PCBs affect cytosolic Ca2+ signaling by promoting Ca2+ release from ryanodine receptor-sensitive Ca2+ pools and inhibiting store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) from the extracellular space. However, NDL-PCB-mediated(More)
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