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Neurons in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) constitute the principal circadian pacemaker of mammals. In situ hybridization studies revealed expression of orphanin-FQ/nociceptin (OFQ/N) receptor (NOR) mRNA in the SCN, whereas no expression of mRNA for preproOFQ/N (ppOFQ/N) was detected. The presence of OFQ/N peptide in the SCN was demonstrated by(More)
In neurons of the suprachiasmatic nucleus, spike frequency adaptation and membrane afterhyperpolarization occur during a train of action potentials. Extracellular Ca2+ may regulate neuronal excitability by several mechanisms, including activation of small conductance and large conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ channels. The overall goal of this study was to(More)
Serotoninergic transmission is implicated in the photic and non-photic regulation of circadian rhythms. 5-HT (1-100 microM), carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT 0.1-10 microM) and (+)-8-hydroxy-dipropylaminotetraline (8-OH-DPAT, 1-30 microM) dose-dependently activated an outward current (5-100 pA) in 30% of neurons voltage-clamped at -60 mV in the suprachiasmatic(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate longitudinal changes in parotid volumes and saliva production over 2 years after 30 Gy irradiation. METHODS We retrospectively evaluated 15 assessable patients treated for advanced oral cancer. Eligibility criteria were a pathologic diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma, preoperative radiation therapy with a total dose of 30 Gy(More)
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