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Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms and NO downstream signal pathways involved spinally in the maintenance of thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity were assessed in a mouse model of neuropathic pain developing after partial ligation of the sciatic nerve. Intrathecal injection of the NOS inhibitor N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), the highly(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Exogenously administered thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is known to exert potent but short-acting centrally-mediated antinociceptive effects. We sought to investigate the mechanisms underlying these effects using the synthetic TRH analogue taltirelin, focusing on the descending monoaminergic systems in mice. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
The antihypersensitivity actions of gabapentin and pregabalin have been well characterized in a large number of studies, although the underlying mechanisms have yet to be defined. We have been focusing on the supraspinal structure as a possible site for their action and have demonstrated that intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of gabapentin and(More)
PURPOSE The anatomy of the pelvic flower muscles based on investigation of gross section slides of a specimen does not always correspond with those described by Pena. Therefore, we restudied the anatomy with 3-dimensional (3D) images of the pelvic muscle produced with computed tomography. METHODS Thirty-eight patients with anorectal malformations before(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired excitatory and inhibitory balance in the spinal dorsal horn has a crucial role in the pathophysiology of chronic pain. The authors addressed the therapeutic impact of increasing spinal glycine applied exogenously or via blockade of glycine transporter 1 using its selective inhibitors sarcosine and(More)
Epilepsy is a chronic brain disease characterised by recurrent seizures. Many studies of this disease have focused on local neuronal activity, such as local field potentials in the brain. In addition, several recent studies have elucidated the collective behavior of individual neurons in a neuronal network that emits epileptic activity. However, little is(More)
We have recently shown that gabapentin generates protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent presynaptic inhibition of GABAergic synaptic transmission in locus coeruleus (LC) neurons only under neuropathic states. To verify behaviorally this in vitro electrophysiological finding, the PKA inhibitor H-89 was injected intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) before supraspinal(More)
1. To gain further insight into the mechanisms underlying the antihyperalgesic and antiallodynic actions of gabapentin, a chronic pain model was prepared by partially ligating the sciatic nerve in mice. The mice then received systemic or local injections of gabapentin combined with either central noradrenaline (NA) depletion by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) or(More)
We have previously demonstrated that gabapentin supraspinally activates the descending noradrenergic system to alleviate neuropathic pain. In this study, we investigated whether pregabalin, an antiepileptic and analgesic drug that is also designed as a structural analogue of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), exhibits supraspinal analgesic effects similar to(More)
We have previously demonstrated that gabapentin supraspinally activates the descending noradrenergic system to produce analgesic effects after peripheral nerve injury. To further establish the neurochemical basis for its supraspinally mediated analgesic action, concentrations of spinal noradrenaline, 4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylglycol (MHPG), serotonin (5-HT),(More)