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Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms and NO downstream signal pathways involved spinally in the maintenance of thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity were assessed in a mouse model of neuropathic pain developing after partial ligation of the sciatic nerve. Intrathecal injection of the NOS inhibitor N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), the highly(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Exogenously administered thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is known to exert potent but short-acting centrally-mediated antinociceptive effects. We sought to investigate the mechanisms underlying these effects using the synthetic TRH analogue taltirelin, focusing on the descending monoaminergic systems in mice. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
We have recently shown that gabapentin generates protein kinase A (PKA)-dependent presynaptic inhibition of GABAergic synaptic transmission in locus coeruleus (LC) neurons only under neuropathic states. To verify behaviorally this in vitro electrophysiological finding, the PKA inhibitor H-89 was injected intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) before supraspinal(More)
We have previously demonstrated that gabapentin supraspinally activates the descending noradrenergic system to alleviate neuropathic pain. In this study, we investigated whether pregabalin, an antiepileptic and analgesic drug that is also designed as a structural analogue of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), exhibits supraspinal analgesic effects similar to(More)
We have previously demonstrated that gabapentin supraspinally activates the descending noradrenergic system to ameliorate pain hypersensitivity in mice with partial nerve ligation. To clarify the supraspinal mechanism of action of gabapentin, whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were performed on locus coeruleus (LC) neurons in brainstem slices prepared from(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the functional changes of Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptor and to clarify its mechanism in a rat mono-iodoacetate (MIA)-induced joint pain model (MIA rats), which has joint degeneration with cartilage loss similar to osteoarthritis. METHODS Sensitization of TRPV1 in MIA rats was assessed by transient(More)
1. To gain further insight into the mechanisms underlying the antihyperalgesic and antiallodynic actions of gabapentin, a chronic pain model was prepared by partially ligating the sciatic nerve in mice. The mice then received systemic or local injections of gabapentin combined with either central noradrenaline (NA) depletion by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) or(More)
The antihypersensitivity actions of gabapentin and pregabalin have been well characterized in a large number of studies, although the underlying mechanisms have yet to be defined. We have been focusing on the supraspinal structure as a possible site for their action and have demonstrated that intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of gabapentin and(More)
Activity-dependent increases in the responsiveness of spinal neurons to their normal afferent input, termed central sensitization, have been suggested to play a key role in abnormal pain sensation. We investigated the role of distinct voltage-dependent calcium channel (VDCC) subtypes in the long-term potentiation (LTP) of C-fiber-evoked field potentials(More)
Hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated cation channels (HCN channels) have large influences upon neuronal excitability. However, the participation of spinal HCN channels in chronic pain states, where pathological conditions are related to altered neuronal excitability, has not been clarified. Intraperitoneally (i.p.) or intrathecally (i.t.)(More)