Keiko Takasu

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Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) isoforms and NO downstream signal pathways involved spinally in the maintenance of thermal and mechanical hypersensitivity were assessed in a mouse model of neuropathic pain developing after partial ligation of the sciatic nerve. Intrathecal injection of the NOS inhibitor N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME), the highly(More)
Activity-dependent increases in the responsiveness of spinal neurons to their normal afferent input, termed central sensitization, have been suggested to play a key role in abnormal pain sensation. We investigated the role of distinct voltage-dependent calcium channel (VDCC) subtypes in the long-term potentiation (LTP) of C-fiber-evoked field potentials(More)
After partial nerve injury, the central analgesic effect of systemically administered gabapentin is mediated by both supraspinal and spinal actions. We further evaluate the mechanisms related to the supraspinally mediated analgesic actions of gabapentin involving the descending noradrenergic system. Intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) administered gabapentin(More)
1. To gain further insight into the mechanisms underlying the antihyperalgesic and antiallodynic actions of gabapentin, a chronic pain model was prepared by partially ligating the sciatic nerve in mice. The mice then received systemic or local injections of gabapentin combined with either central noradrenaline (NA) depletion by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) or(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Exogenously administered thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) is known to exert potent but short-acting centrally-mediated antinociceptive effects. We sought to investigate the mechanisms underlying these effects using the synthetic TRH analogue taltirelin, focusing on the descending monoaminergic systems in mice. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
We have previously demonstrated that gabapentin supraspinally activates the descending noradrenergic system to alleviate neuropathic pain. In this study, we investigated whether pregabalin, an antiepileptic and analgesic drug that is also designed as a structural analogue of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), exhibits supraspinal analgesic effects similar to(More)
The antihypersensitivity actions of gabapentin and pregabalin have been well characterized in a large number of studies, although the underlying mechanisms have yet to be defined. We have been focusing on the supraspinal structure as a possible site for their action and have demonstrated that intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of gabapentin and(More)
We have previously demonstrated that gabapentin supraspinally activates the descending noradrenergic system to ameliorate pain hypersensitivity in mice with partial nerve ligation. To clarify the supraspinal mechanism of action of gabapentin, whole-cell patch-clamp recordings were performed on locus coeruleus (LC) neurons in brainstem slices prepared from(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the functional changes of Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptor and to clarify its mechanism in a rat mono-iodoacetate (MIA)-induced joint pain model (MIA rats), which has joint degeneration with cartilage loss similar to osteoarthritis. METHODS Sensitization of TRPV1 in MIA rats was assessed by transient(More)
PURPOSE The anatomy of the pelvic flower muscles based on investigation of gross section slides of a specimen does not always correspond with those described by Pena. Therefore, we restudied the anatomy with 3-dimensional (3D) images of the pelvic muscle produced with computed tomography. METHODS Thirty-eight patients with anorectal malformations before(More)