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Based on variation in nucleotide sequence within restricted regions in the putative C (core) gene of hepatitis C virus (HCV), four groups of HCV have been postulated in a panel of 44 HCV isolates. They were provisionally designated types I, II, III and IV. A method for typing HCV was developed, depending on the amplification of a C gene sequence by(More)
Only a small proportion of the mouse genome is transcribed into mature messenger RNA transcripts. There is an international collaborative effort to identify all full-length mRNA transcripts from the mouse, and to ensure that each is represented in a physical collection of clones. Here we report the manual annotation of 60,770 full-length mouse complementary(More)
To evaluate the suitability of a variety of fast voltage-sensitive dyes for optical recording of rapid transmembrane potential activity in the embryonic nervous system, we screened over twenty dyes, including several newly synthesized probes, in three different embryonic neural preparations: cervical vagus nerve bundle, nodose ganglion, and brainstem from(More)
In an effort to assess the spatial patterning of glossopharyngeal responses in the early embryonic chick brainstem, we used a multiple-site optical recording system with a 12 x 12 element photodiode array and a voltage-sensitive merocyanine-rhodanine dye (NK2761) to monitor neural transmembrane voltage activities. Seven and 8 d old embryonic chick(More)
We searched for an optimal voltage-sensitive dye for optical measurements of neural activity in the hippocampal slice by evaluating several merocyanine-rhodanine and oxonol dyes. The wavelength dependence (action spectra), pharmacological effects of staining, signal size, signal-to-noise ratio, and the utility of the dyes for long-term continuous recording(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis secretes strong proteases called gingipains that are implicated in periodontal pathogenesis. Protein secretion systems common to other Gram-negative bacteria are lacking in P. gingivalis, but several proteins, including PorT, have been linked to gingipain secretion. Comparative genome analysis and genetic experiments revealed 11(More)
We describe a malignant granular cell tumor in the semimembranosus muscle of a 61-year-old woman. Magnetic resonance images disclosed a tumor with intermediate and low signal intensity on both T1- and T2-weighted images, measuring about 7 x 4 x 4 cm in size. The patient showed an uneventful clinical course during a 30-month follow-up period after the wide(More)
The three-dimensional structure of hanatoxin1 (HaTx1) was determined by using NMR spectroscopy. HaTx1 is a 35 amino acid residue peptide toxin that inhibits the drk1 voltage-gated K(+) channel not by blocking the pore, but by altering the energetics of gating. Both the amino acid sequence of HaTx1 and its unique mechanism of action distinguish this toxin(More)
Ligand binding to neurotransmitter and hormone receptors which couple to the Gq subclass of GTP-binding protein leads to the activation of phospholipase Cbeta (PLCbeta) which hydrolyses phosphatidyl-inositol 4,5-bisphosphate, yielding a pair of second messengers, diacylglycerol and inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3). The expression of PLCbeta1-4 mRNAs was(More)