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Mechanical forces influence homeostasis in virtually every tissue [1, 2]. Tendon, constantly exposed to variable mechanical force, is an excellent model in which to study the conversion of mechanical stimuli into a biochemical response [3-5]. Here we show in a mouse model of acute tendon injury and in vitro that physical forces regulate the release of(More)
Integrin-mediated cell-matrix interactions are essential for development, tissue homeostasis, and repair. Upon ligand binding, integrins are recruited into focal adhesions (FAs). Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is an FA component that interacts with the cytoplasmic domains of integrins, recruits adaptor proteins that link integrins to the actin cytoskeleton,(More)
We investigated the effects of fragrance inhalation on sympathetic activity in normal adult subjects using both power spectral analysis of blood pressure fluctuations and measurement of plasma catecholamine levels. Fragrance inhalation of essential oils, such as pepper oil, estragon oil, fennel oil or grapefruit oil, resulted in 1.5- to 2.5-fold increase in(More)
OBJECTIVE Three measures--heart rate, a global index of the influence of the autonomic nervous system on the heart; circulating concentrations of adiponectin, an adipose-specific protein; and C-reactive protein (CRP), a sensitive marker of inflammation--have been reported to be closely associated with insulin resistance. Patients with borderline(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) binds to insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) and has been shown to inhibit or stimulate cellular responses to IGF-I in vitro. This capacity of IGFBP-1 to inhibit or stimulate IGF-I actions correlates with its ability to form stable high molecular weight multimers. Since the ability of some proteins to(More)
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-1 has been shown to alter cellular responses to insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1). Human IGFBP-1 undergoes serine phosphorylation, and this enhances both its affinity for IGF-1 by six- to eightfold and its capacity to inhibit IGF-1 actions. To investigate the physiological role of IGFBP-1 in vivo,(More)
HIV-1 mutants escaping from HLA-A- or HLA-B-restricted CTL have been well studied, but those from HLA-C-restricted CTL have not. Therefore we investigated the ability of HLA-C-restricted CTL to select HIV-1 escape mutants. In the present study, we identified two novel HLA-Cw(*) 1202-restricted Pol-specific CTL epitopes (Pol328-9 and Pol463-10). CTL specific(More)
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is a devastating metastatic disease for which better therapies are urgently needed. Macrophages enhance metastasis in many cancer types; however, the role of macrophages in PDAC liver metastasis remains poorly understood. Here we found that PDAC liver metastasis critically depends on the early recruitment of(More)
IGF-I stimulates insulin-like actions directly through its receptor, and it also enhances sensitivity to insulin-mediated effects in vivo. These studies were undertaken to analyze the role of IGF-I, insulin, and insulin/IGF-I hybrid receptors (HRs) in mediating IGF-I and insulin signaling in cells that had been made insulin-resistant by treatment with(More)
BACKGROUND Catheter care is considered to be important for prevention of catheter-associated bloodstream infections (CABSIs) although epidemiological evidence is sparse. OBJECTIVES To identify problems associated with catheter care and evaluate the effectiveness of nurse-initiated interventions to reduce CABSIs. DESIGN An intervention study with before(More)