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The DNA sequence of a 5736-nucleotide (nt) Trypanosoma cruzi maxicircle fragment was determined. Sequence comparisons indicate that its 5' terminus is the homologue of the downstream portion of the NADH dehydrogenase subunit 7 gene and that its 3' region is homologous to the maxicircle unidentified reading frame II gene. The region between these two gene(More)
The technique of RNA interference (RNAi) is exceedingly useful for knocking down the expression of a specific mRNA in African trypanosomes and other organisms for the purpose of examining the function of its gene. However, when we attempted to apply RNAi in the Latin American trypanosome, Trypanosoma cruzi, to diminish expression of mRNA encoding the(More)
Approximately 70% of the cDNA clones identified by immunoscreening Leishmania donovani expression libraries with serum from a patient with visceral leishmaniasis (kala-azar) were found to encode the highly conserved Hsp90 and Hsp70 members of the heat shock protein family. Recombinant fusion proteins containing the C-terminal portions of L. donovani Hsp90(More)
The Trypanosoma brucei genome encodes three groups of zinc metalloproteases, each of which contains approximately 30% amino acid identity with the major surface protease (MSP, also called GP63) of Leishmania. One of these proteases, TbMSP-B, is encoded by four nearly identical, tandem genes transcribed in both bloodstream and procyclic trypanosomes. Earlier(More)
We screened a Trypanosoma cruzi cDNA expression library with human and rabbit anti-T. cruzi sera and identified cDNA clones that encode polypeptides containing tandemly arranged repeats which are 6 to 34 amino acids in length. The peptide repeats encoded by these cDNAs varied markedly in sequence, copy number, and location relative to the polyadenylation(More)
A hemolysin produced by Aeromonas hydrophila CA-11, isolated from an environmental source, was purified by sulfopropyl-Sephadex C-25 chromatography at pH 5.0. This hemolysin caused fluid accumulation in infant mouse intestines and rabbit intestinal loops and killed Vero cells, as did the hemolysin produced by strain AH-1, isolated from a diarrheal case. In(More)
In Trypanosoma cruzi, the cause of Chagas' disease in Latin America, a large proportion of the antigenic proteins described to date have repetitive domains. In earlier work we identified a partial length cDNA, designated TCR27, encoding approx. 26 copies of a 14-amino acid repeat and a unique 61-amino acid C-terminal region. The goal of the current project(More)