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Y-27632 [(+)-(R)-trans-4-(1-aminoethyl)-N-(4-pyridyl)cyclohexanecarboxamide++ + dihydrochloride] is widely used as a specific inhibitor of the Rho-associated coiled-coil forming protein serine/threonine kinase (ROCK) family of protein kinases. This study examined the inhibition mechanism and profile of actions of Y-27632 and a related compound, Y-30141(More)
In utero electroporation is widely used to study neuronal development and function by introducing plasmid DNA into neural progenitors during embryogenesis. This is an effective and convenient method of introducing plasmid DNA into neural precursors and is suitable for manipulating gene expression in cells of the CNS. However, the applicability of this(More)
Many cells die during development, tissue homeostasis, and disease. Dysregulation of apoptosis leads to cranial neural tube closure (NTC) defects like exencephaly, although the mechanism is unclear. Observing cells undergoing apoptosis in a living context could help elucidate their origin, behavior, and influence on surrounding tissues, but few tools are(More)
Apoptotic cells are observed in the early developing brain. Apoptosis deficiency is proposed to cause brain overgrowth, but here we show that brain malformations in apoptosis-deficient mutants are due to insufficient brain ventricle expansion as a result of uncompleted cranial neural tube closure. Apoptosis eliminates Fgf8-expressing cells in the anterior(More)
  • Mizutani Y, Wada H, +57 authors Nishimura K
  • 2009
The significance of thymidine phosphorylase/platelet-derived endothelial cell growth factor activity in renal cell carcinoma. Molecular cloning and functional expression of gicerin, a novel cell adhesion molecule that binds to neurite outgrowth factor. functional analysis of a novel isoform of gicerin, an immunoglobulin superfamily cell adhesion molecule.(More)
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