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Nickel oxide (NiO) is one of the important industrial materials used in electronic substrates and for ceramic engineering. Advancements in industrial technology have enabled the manufacture of ultrafine NiO particles. On the other hand, it is well-known that nickel compounds exert toxic effects. The toxicity of nickel compounds is mainly caused by nickel(More)
The turning point between apoptosis and necrosis induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) have been investigated using human T-lymphoma Jurkat cells. Cells treated with 50 microM H2O2 exhibited caspase-9 and caspase-3 activation, finally leading to apoptotic cell death. Treatment with 500 microM H2O2 did not exhibit caspase activation and changed the mode of(More)
It is well known that formaldehyde (HCHO) and reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as free radicals, are cytotoxic as well as potentially carcinogenic. Although the individual effects of these reactants on cells have been investigated, the cytotoxicity exerted by the coexistence of HCHO and reactive radicals is poorly understood. The present study using(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The effect of telmisartan, an angiotensin II Type 1 receptor blocker with peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma-modulating activity, was investigated against spatial working memory disturbances in mice subjected to chronic cerebral hypoperfusion. METHODS Adult C57BL/6J male mice were subjected to bilateral common carotid(More)
Many investigations about the cellular response by metal oxide nanoparticles in vitro have been reported. However, the influence of the adsorption ability of metal oxide nanoparticles toward cells is unknown. The aim of this study is to understand the influence of adsorption by metal oxide nanoparticles on the cell viability in vitro. The adsorption(More)
The neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) has been widely used to generate an experimental model of Parkinson's disease. It has been reported that reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as the superoxide anion and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), generated from 6-OHDA are involved in its cytotoxicity; however, the contribution and role of ROS in 6-OHDA-induced cell(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We have previously described effects of chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in mice with bilateral common carotid artery stenosis (BCAS) using microcoils for 30 days. These mice specifically exhibit working memory deficits attributable to frontal-subcortical circuit damage without apparent gray matter changes, indicating similarities with(More)
Cerium oxide (CeO(2)) is an important metal oxide used for industrial products. Many investigations about the cellular influence of CeO(2) nanoparticles have been done, but results are contradictory. It has been reported that CeO(2) nanoparticles have an anti-oxidative effect in cells, but it has also been reported that CeO(2) nanoparticles induce oxidative(More)
Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles are one of the important industrial nanoparticles. The production of ZnO nanoparticles is increasing every year. On the other hand, it is known that ZnO nanoparticles have strong cytotoxicity. In vitro studies using culture cells revealed that ZnO nanoparticles induce severe oxidative stress. However, the in vivo influence of(More)
Even though there have been some investigations into cellular responses induced by ultrafine titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) in vitro, the relationship between cellular responses and secondary particle size is still not clear. In this study, a stable and uniform TiO(2)-cell culture-medium dispersion was prepared, and cellular responses prompted by "ultrafine(More)