Keiko Mukaida

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The efficacy of the McCoy laryngoscope, external laryngeal pressure, and their combination to improve the laryngoscopic view was evaluated in 219 patients and compared with the Macintosh laryngoscope. An experienced laryngoscopist performed laryngoscopy twice using the Macintosh laryngoscope and the McCoy laryngoscope in a random sequence, and external(More)
We employed propofol anesthesia with a restricted dose of fentanyl in adult cardiac surgery with the aim of early tracheal extubation and evaluated its effects on the intraoperative factors and postoperative recovery compared with those of a previous benzodiazepine-fentanyl regimen. During surgery, control group patients (n = 17) received intermittent bolus(More)
The serum and urinary concentrations of fluorinated metabolites of isoflurane after inhalation of three different concentrations of isoflurane were studied in 18 ASA physical status 1 or 2 patients, scheduled for orthopedic or otolaryngeal surgery. Isoflurane was administered for 60 min during fentanyl-nitrous oxide-oxygen, and its end-tidal concentration(More)
BACKGROUND Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is a potentially fatal complication of general anesthesia triggered by volatile anesthetics. In animal studies, sevoflurane has been reported to be a weak triggering agent. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical severity of sevoflurane-induced MH compared to isoflurane. METHODS From the Japanese MH(More)
Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency (OTCD) is an inborn error of urea synthesis inherited as an X-linked trait, a clinical manifestation of which is a repeated episodes of hyperammonemic coma. Recently, liver transplantations have been performed in these patients in the USA and Europe. We experienced the anesthetic managements of liver transplantations in(More)
Four patients underwent surgical removal of pheochromocytoma under balanced anesthesia with fentanyl, sevoflurane and epidural anesthesia combined with continuous infusion of nicardipine and nitroglycerin. Circulation was stable during the operation in all the patients. There were no serious hypertension and hypotension, arrhythmia and pulmonary edema(More)
In this study, background factors were determined in 108 surgical patients who showed depression in phagocytic and bacteriocidal activity with nitroblue tetrazolium reduction test. Control subjects consisted of 4 healthy males and 4 healthy females whose age ranged from 25 to 38 years. The background factors associated with the depressed neutrophil(More)
BACKGROUND Nociceptin is the endogenous agonist of the opioid receptor-like (ORL) 1 receptor (NOP), and both nociceptin and NOP are widely expressed in the brain and spinal cord, which are target organs of general anaesthetics. As nociceptin has been reported to be involved in modulating pain mechanisms and stress responses, it is possible that the activity(More)