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PURPOSE The structure and function of chromatin can be altered by modifications to histone. Histone acetylation in vivo is a dynamic reversible process governed by histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs). HDAC6 is a unique isoform among the HDACs, and a gene expression pattern study, with cDNA microarray in MCF-7 cells, showed the(More)
Estrogen is well-established as a mitogenic factor implicated in the tumorigenesis and progression of breast cancer via its binding to the estrogen receptor α (ERα). Recent data indicate that chromatin inactivation mediated by histone deacetylation (HDAC) and DNA methylation is a critical component of ERα silencing in human breast cancer cells. The aim of(More)
PURPOSE The AT motif-binding factor 1 (ATBF1) gene was first identified as a suppressor of the alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) gene through its binding to an AT-rich enhancer element of this gene. The gene is located at chromosome 16q22.3-q23.1 where loss of heterozygosity has been observed in various malignant tumors, especially in breast cancer. It was also found(More)
Endocrine therapy is the most important treatment option for women with hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer. The potential mechanisms for endocrine resistance involve estrogen receptor (ER)-coregulatory proteins and crosstalk between ER and other growth factor signaling networks. However, the factors and pathways responsible for endocrine resistance are(More)
BACKGROUND Expression of estrogen-regulated genes has been considered as potential predictive markers for endocrine therapy. We focused on two insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs): IGFBP-4, which is an early-responsive estrogen-induced gene, and IGFBP-5, which is an estrogen-repressed gene. Investigation of IGFBP-4 and IGFBP-5 expression(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of establishing hormone receptor status of tumors for the treatment of women with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer has been emphasized, however, there is no general agreement as to how immunohistochemical assays should be evaluated. It is critical to evaluate hormone receptor status when considering response to endocrine(More)
The transcriptional function of estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) can be modulated by co-regulatory proteins. In the present study, therefore, the level of expression of one of the co-regulator Nuclear Receptor Co-repressor 1 (NCOR1) mRNA has been assessed by quantitative real-time RT-PCR in 160 cases of invasive breast carcinoma. It was found that NCOR1(More)
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