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Blood is a commonly used biofluid for biomarker discovery. Although blood lipid metabolites are considered to be potential biomarker candidates, their fundamental properties are not well characterized. We aimed to (1) investigate the matrix type (serum vs. plasma) that may be preferable for lipid biomarker exploration, (2) elucidate age- and(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of neurodegenerative dementia among elderly patients. A biomarker for the disease could make diagnosis easier and more accurate, and accelerate drug discovery. In this study, NMR-based metabolomics analysis in conjunction with multivariate statistics was applied to examine changes in urinary metabolites in(More)
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a pluripotent cytokine which affects the survival and differentiation of various types of cells both in the hematopoietic and nervous systems. In this study, the time course and localization of LIF mRNA expression following kainic acid-induced seizures were examined by northern blot analyses and in situ hybridization.(More)
To investigate the polyol pathway activity in Schwann cells, we determined the mRNA levels of aldose reductase (AR) and sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH) in cultured cells under hyperglycemic or hyperosmotic conditions using competitive RT-PCR technique. The expressions of AR and SDH mRNAs in Schwann cells were unaltered by high (30 mM) glucose content in the(More)
CYP2C9 is a polymorphic enzyme that metabolizes a number of clinically important drugs. In this study, catalytic activities of seven alleles found in Japanese individuals, CYP2C9*3 (I359L), *13 (L90P), *26 (T130R), *28 (Q214L), *30 (A477T), *33 (R132Q), and *34 (R335Q), were assessed using three substrates (diclofenac, losartan, and glimepiride). When(More)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the most common cause of dementia among neurodegenerative diseases, afflicts millions of elderly people worldwide. In addition to amyloid-beta (Aβ) peptide and phosphorylated tau, lipid dysregulation is suggested to participate in AD pathogenesis. However, alterations in individual lipid species and their role in AD disease(More)
The anticancer prodrug, irinotecan, is converted to its active form 7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin (SN-38) by carboxylesterases, and SN-38 is inactivated by UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT)1A1-mediated glucuronidation. UGT1A9 also mediates this reaction. In a recent study, it was reported that the UGT1A9 IVS1+399 (I399)C>T polymorphism is associated with(More)
A criticality accident occurred on September 30, 1999, at the uranium conversion plant in Tokai-mura (Tokai-village), Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. When the criticality occurred, three workers saw a "blue-white glow," and a radiation monitor alarm was sounded. They were severely exposed to neutron and gamma-ray irradiation, and subsequently developed acute(More)
Glucocorticoids are widely used as potent anti-inflammatory drugs. Glucocorticoids exert their pharmacological effects by binding to a glucocorticoid receptor (GR), which promotes expression of its target genes or suppresses transcription mediated by other transcriptional factors, such as nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB). To identify genetic polymorphisms(More)
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a major health problem since it often leads to hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the underlying mechanisms of NASH development and subsequent fibrosis have yet to be clarified. We compared comprehensive lipidomic profiles between mice with high fat diet (HFD)-induced steatosis and STAM mice with NASH and subsequent(More)