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In order to identify genetic polymorphisms and haplotype frequencies of CYP1A2 in a Japanese population, the enhancer and promoter regions, all the exons with their surrounding introns, and intron 1 were sequenced from genomic DNA from 250 Japanese subjects. Thirty-three polymorphisms were found, including 13 novel ones: 2 in the enhancer region, 5 in the(More)
PURPOSE Gemcitabine is rapidly metabolized to its inactive metabolite, 2',2'-difluorodeoxyuridine (dFdU), by cytidine deaminase (CDA). We previously reported that a patient with homozygous 208A alleles of CDA showed severe adverse reactions with an increase in gemcitabine plasma level. This study extended the investigation of the effects of CDA genetic(More)
Genetic variations in cytochrome P450 2C9 (CYP2C9) are known to contribute to interindividual and interethnic variability in response to clinical drugs such as warfarin. In the present study, CYP2C9 from 263 Japanese subjects was resequenced, resulting in the discovery of 62 variations including 32 novel ones. In addition to the two known non-synonymous(More)
The structure of the K262R genetic variant of human cytochrome P450 2B6 in complex with the inhibitor 4-(4-chlorophenyl)imidazole (4-CPI) has been determined using X-ray crystallography to 2.0-A resolution. Production of diffraction quality crystals was enabled through a combination of protein engineering, chaperone coexpression, modifications to the(More)
BACKGROUND Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and its severe form, toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), are acute inflammatory vesiculobullous reactions of the skin and mucous membranes, including the ocular surface, oral cavity, and genitals. These reactions are very rare but are often associated with inciting drugs, infectious agents, or both. OBJECTIVE We(More)
1. By sequencing genomic DNA from 72 established cell lines derived from Japanese individuals, we detected 25 single nucleotide alterations in the microsomal epoxide hydrolase (EPHX1) gene. Of them, five were exonic alterations resulting in amino acid alterations (77C>G, T26S; 128G>C, R43T; 337T>C, Y113H; 416A>G, H139R; 823A>G, T275A). The T26S, R43T, Y113H(More)
Twenty genetic variations, including seven novel ones, were found in the human SLC22A1 gene, which encodes organic cation transporter 1, from 116 Japanese individuals. The novel variations were as follows: -94C>A in the 5'-untranslated region (A of the translation start codon is numbered +1 in the cDNA sequence; MPJ6_OC1001), 350C>T (MPJ6_OC1004),(More)
Human cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) catalyzes the metabolism of many important drugs and environmental chemicals. We previously reported three naturally occurring genetic polymorphisms (125C>G, Pro42Arg, CYP1A2*15; 1130G>A, Arg377Gln, *16; and 1367G>A, Arg456His, *8) found in a Japanese population. In this study, these variant enzymes were expressed in(More)
Blood is a commonly used biofluid for biomarker discovery. Although blood lipid metabolites are considered to be potential biomarker candidates, their fundamental properties are not well characterized. We aimed to (1) investigate the matrix type (serum vs. plasma) that may be preferable for lipid biomarker exploration, (2) elucidate age- and(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of neurodegenerative dementia among elderly patients. A biomarker for the disease could make diagnosis easier and more accurate, and accelerate drug discovery. In this study, NMR-based metabolomics analysis in conjunction with multivariate statistics was applied to examine changes in urinary metabolites in(More)