Keiko Maekawa

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PURPOSE Gemcitabine is rapidly metabolized to its inactive metabolite, 2',2'-difluorodeoxyuridine (dFdU), by cytidine deaminase (CDA). We previously reported that a patient with homozygous 208A alleles of CDA showed severe adverse reactions with an increase in gemcitabine plasma level. This study extended the investigation of the effects of CDA genetic(More)
In order to identify genetic polymorphisms and haplotype frequencies of CYP1A2 in a Japanese population, the enhancer and promoter regions, all the exons with their surrounding introns, and intron 1 were sequenced from genomic DNA from 250 Japanese subjects. Thirty-three polymorphisms were found, including 13 novel ones: 2 in the enhancer region, 5 in the(More)
1. By sequencing genomic DNA from 72 established cell lines derived from Japanese individuals, we detected 25 single nucleotide alterations in the microsomal epoxide hydrolase (EPHX1) gene. Of them, five were exonic alterations resulting in amino acid alterations (77C>G, T26S; 128G>C, R43T; 337T>C, Y113H; 416A>G, H139R; 823A>G, T275A). The T26S, R43T, Y113H(More)
The structure of the K262R genetic variant of human cytochrome P450 2B6 in complex with the inhibitor 4-(4-chlorophenyl)imidazole (4-CPI) has been determined using X-ray crystallography to 2.0-A resolution. Production of diffraction quality crystals was enabled through a combination of protein engineering, chaperone coexpression, modifications to the(More)
CYP2C9 is a polymorphic enzyme that metabolizes a number of clinically important drugs. In this study, catalytic activities of seven alleles found in Japanese individuals, CYP2C9*3 (I359L), *13 (L90P), *26 (T130R), *28 (Q214L), *30 (A477T), *33 (R132Q), and *34 (R335Q), were assessed using three substrates (diclofenac, losartan, and glimepiride). When(More)
Human cytochrome P450 1A2 (CYP1A2) catalyzes the metabolism of many important drugs and environmental chemicals. We previously reported three naturally occurring genetic polymorphisms (125C>G, Pro42Arg, CYP1A2*15; 1130G>A, Arg377Gln, *16; and 1367G>A, Arg456His, *8) found in a Japanese population. In this study, these variant enzymes were expressed in(More)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common histological type of adult kidney cancer. In this study, we obtained lipidomic profiles of clear cell RCC (ccRCC), a major RCC subtype, by performing a lipidomic analysis of specimens of cancerous tissue and the surrounding normal renal cortex obtained from the same patients (N = 49). We also compared the(More)
The multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (MRP2) encoded by the ABCC2 gene is expressed in the liver, intestine and kidneys and preferentially exports organic anions or conjugates with glucuronide or glutathione. In this study, all 32 exons and the 5'-flanking region of ABCC2 in 236 Japanese were resequenced, and 61 genetic variations including 5 novel(More)
CYP3A4, the major form of cytochrome P450 (P450) expressed in the adult human liver, is involved in the metabolism of approximately 50% of commonly prescribed drugs. Several genetic polymorphisms in CYP3A4 are known to affect its catalytic activity and to contribute in part to interindividual differences in the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of(More)
BACKGROUND Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and its severe form, toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), are acute inflammatory vesiculobullous reactions of the skin and mucous membranes, including the ocular surface, oral cavity, and genitals. These reactions are very rare but are often associated with inciting drugs, infectious agents, or both. OBJECTIVE We(More)