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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of neurodegenerative dementia among elderly patients. A biomarker for the disease could make diagnosis easier and more accurate, and accelerate drug discovery. In this study, NMR-based metabolomics analysis in conjunction with multivariate statistics was applied to examine changes in urinary metabolites in(More)
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is a pluripotent cytokine which affects the survival and differentiation of various types of cells both in the hematopoietic and nervous systems. In this study, the time course and localization of LIF mRNA expression following kainic acid-induced seizures were examined by northern blot analyses and in situ hybridization.(More)
To investigate the polyol pathway activity in Schwann cells, we determined the mRNA levels of aldose reductase (AR) and sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH) in cultured cells under hyperglycemic or hyperosmotic conditions using competitive RT-PCR technique. The expressions of AR and SDH mRNAs in Schwann cells were unaltered by high (30 mM) glucose content in the(More)
Blood is a commonly used biofluid for biomarker discovery. Although blood lipid metabolites are considered to be potential biomarker candidates, their fundamental properties are not well characterized. We aimed to (1) investigate the matrix type (serum vs. plasma) that may be preferable for lipid biomarker exploration, (2) elucidate age- and(More)
Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the most common cause of dementia among neurodegenerative diseases, afflicts millions of elderly people worldwide. In addition to amyloid-beta (Aβ) peptide and phosphorylated tau, lipid dysregulation is suggested to participate in AD pathogenesis. However, alterations in individual lipid species and their role in AD disease(More)
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a major health problem since it often leads to hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the underlying mechanisms of NASH development and subsequent fibrosis have yet to be clarified. We compared comprehensive lipidomic profiles between mice with high fat diet (HFD)-induced steatosis and STAM mice with NASH and subsequent(More)
Endobiotic metabolites are associated with biological processes in the body and therefore may serve as biomarkers for disease states or therapeutic efficacy and toxicity. However, information is limited regarding how differences between blood matrices, patient backgrounds, and sample handling affect human metabolite profiles. Our objective was to obtain(More)
Fcγ receptor IIa (FcγRIIa) plays an important role in antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and inflammation. Changes in FcγRIIa expression levels or activity caused by genetic polymorphisms in FCGR2A, the gene encoding FcγRIIa, may lead to differences in disease progression as well as efficacy of antibody therapeutics between individuals. In this study,(More)
Circulating lipid metabolites are associated with many physiological and biological processes in the body, and therefore could be used as biomarkers for evaluating drug efficacy and safety in preclinical studies. However, differences in circulating lipid profiles among humans and animals often used in preclinical studies have not been fully investigated. We(More)
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the most common histological type of adult kidney cancer. In this study, we obtained lipidomic profiles of clear cell RCC (ccRCC), a major RCC subtype, by performing a lipidomic analysis of specimens of cancerous tissue and the surrounding normal renal cortex obtained from the same patients (N = 49). We also compared the(More)