Keiko Kosuge

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BACKGROUND Heterophyllous aquatic plants show marked phenotypic plasticity. They adapt to environmental changes by producing different leaf types: submerged, floating and terrestrial leaves. By contrast, homophyllous plants produce only submerged leaves and grow entirely underwater. Heterophylly and submerged homophylly evolved under selective pressure(More)
Eighteen polymerase chain reaction (PCR) products of the partial sequence of the Adh (alcohol dehydrogenase) gene from 10 Brachyscome species were sequenced and compared. These products contained the 5′ three fourths of exon 4 and whole sequences of intron 3. They varied extensively in length due to the differences in length of intron 3. A total of 10 long(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Molecular-based studies of thermotolerance have rarely been performed on wild plants, although this trait is critical for summer survival. Here, we focused on thermotolerance and expression of heat shock transcription factor A2 (HSFA2) and its putative target gene (chloroplast-localized small heat shock protein, CP-sHSP) in two allied(More)
We tested whether maternal effects have led to the adaptive divergence of strains of the natural hybrid Potamogeton anguillanus, whose putative parents show contrastingly divergent ecologies. To examine the correlation between phenotypic characters and maternal types, we conducted drought experiments and DNA typing using nuclear and chloroplast genes. In(More)
Circumnutation, the helical movement of growing organ tips, is ubiquitous in land plants. The mechanisms underlying circumnutation have been debated since Darwin's time. Experiments in space and mutant analyses have revealed that internal oscillatory (tropism-independent) movement and gravitropic response are involved in circumnutation. Female flower buds(More)
A green plant, which we have named "Misuzugoke", was found in acidic rivers in Nagano Prefecture, Japan, where it forms macroscopic mats or aggregates. The field-collected aggregates were nearly hemispherical and were composed of compact branched filaments radiating from a central base. The cells of the plant contained a single nucleus and numerous discoid(More)
Mass fingerprinting and MS/MS analysis demonstrated that Xyk, a 57-kDa Src family tyrosine kinase that is activated within minutes of Xenopus egg fertilization, comprises a mixture of two Src proteins, Src1 and Src2. However, the Xenopus Src protein, denoted as xSrc, is hardly detectable with mAb327, a universal Src-specific antibody, whose target sequence(More)
Many of the genes that control photosynthesis are carried in the chloroplast. These genes differ among species. However, evidence has yet to be reported revealing the involvement of organelle genes in the initial stages of plant speciation. To elucidate the molecular basis of aquatic plant speciation, we focused on the unique plant species Chara braunii C.(More)
Ru complexes bearing a bis-tridentate benzimidazolyl ligand have been synthesized. The dinuclear ones act as a bibasic acid with pK(a1)=4.36 and pK(a2)=5.90. The protonated form of the dinuclear complex exhibited two one-electron oxidations at +0.91 and +1.02 V versus the ferrocenium/ferrocene (Fc/Fc(+)) couple (the potential difference (ΔE)=0.11 V), but(More)
Heterophyllous aquatic plants produce aerial (i.e., floating and terrestrial) and submerged leaves—the latter lack stomata—while homophyllous plants contain only submerged leaves, and cannot survive on land. To identify whether differences in morphogenetic potential and/or physiological stress responses are responsible for variation in phenotypic plasticity(More)