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The posterior insula, central sulcus, and inferior parietal lobule including the intraparietal sulcus have been considered the vestibular cortex based on functional brain mapping in humans as well as experiments in lower primates. The same regions receive optokinetic, visual, and proprioceptive projections. We examined the cortical and subcortical(More)
A cDNA of the mouse homologue of Escherichia coli N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) synthase (neuB gene product) was cloned by the PCR-based method. The mouse homologue consists of 359 amino acids, and the cDNA sequence displays 33% identity to that of the E. coli Neu5Ac synthase. The recombinant mouse homologue which is transiently expressed in HeLa cells(More)
Although the deaminoneuraminic acid or KDN glycotope (2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononic acid) is expressed in glycoconjugates that range in evolutionary diversity from bacteria to man, there is little information as to how this novel sugar is synthesized. Accordingly, biosynthetic studies were initiated in trout testis, an organ rich in KDN, to(More)
Obesity occurs less frequently in Japanese than in various other ethnic populations. A person with abnormal glucose tolerance is often found to have one or more of the other cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as obesity, hypertension and hyperlipidemia. This clustering has been labeled as metabolic syndrome (WHO, 1998). It was suggested that(More)
Deaminoneuraminic acid (KDN, 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-glycero-D-galacto-nononic acid) is a member of the family of sialic acids in which an acylamino group at the C-5 position of N-acylneuraminic acid (Neu5Acyl) is replaced by a hydroxyl group. It has recently been shown that KDN is synthesized de novo from its precursor, mannose (Man), in trout testis (Angata, T.,(More)
The pre-existence of alpha2-->8-linked disialic acid (di-Sia) and oligosialic acid (oligo-Sia) structures with up to 7 Sia residues was shown to occur on a large number of brain glycoproteins, including neural cell adhesion molecules (N-CAMs), by two highly sensitive chemical methods (Sato, C., Inoue, S., Matsuda, T., and Kitajima, K. (1998) Anal. Biochem.(More)
The recent finding of peptide:N-glycanase (PNGase) in medaka embryos (Seko, A., Kitajima, K., Inoue, Y., & Inoue, S., J.Biol. Chem. 266, 22110 (1991)) raised the question of how widespread is the occurrence of this type of de-N-glycosylating enzyme. In experiments designed to identify PNGase in the mammalian system, we searched for its activity in some(More)
OBJECTIVES To confirm that laryngotracheal separation (LTS) is a satisfactory treatment for patients with intractable aspiration pneumonia, even though it does not require tracheoesophageal anastomosis. STUDY DESIGN Retrospective. METHODS Nine patients with intractable aspiration pneumonia underwent LTS at our institution from 1996 to 1999. Two patients(More)
Epiblast stem cells (EpiSCs) are primed pluripotent stem cells and can be derived from postimplantation mouse embryos. We now show that the absence of canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling is essential for maintenance of the undifferentiated state in mouse EpiSCs and in the epiblast of mouse embryos. Attenuation of Wnt signaling with the small-molecule(More)