Keiko Kataoka

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This study demonstrates that the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus (LDT) and pedunculopontine tegmental nucleus (PPT) are sources of cholinergic projections to the cat pontine reticular formation gigantocellular tegmental field (PFTG). Neurons of the LDT and PPT were double-labeled utilizing choline acetyltransferase immunohistochemistry combined with(More)
The v-maf oncogene, identified from AS42 avian retrovirus, encodes a nuclear bZip protein. To elucidate the molecular mechanism of cell transformation induced by this oncogene, we determined the specific binding sequences of its product. Maf protein recognized two types of relatively long palindromic consensus sequences, TGCTGACTCAGCA and TGCTGACGTCAGCA, at(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Despite technical advances in endovascular and microsurgical treatment, patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage still have a high mortality and morbidity rate. To improve the treatment results in patients with aneurysms, we must better understand the pathophysiology of cerebral aneurysms and the mechanisms leading to their(More)
The simian virus 40 capsid is composed of 72 pentamers of VP1 protein. Although the capsid is known to dissociate to pentamers in vitro following simultaneous treatment with reducing and chelating agents, the functional roles of disulfide linkage and calcium ion-mediated interactions are not clear. To elucidate the roles of these interactions, we introduced(More)
We have identified a new member of the maf oncogene family and named it mafB. This gene is expressed in a wide variety of tissues and encodes a protein of 311 amino acids containing a typical bZip motif in its carboxy-terminal region. In the bZip domain, MafB shares extensive homology not only with v-Maf but also with other Maf-related proteins. As expected(More)
Recently, colloidal carrier systems have been receiving much attention in the field of drug targeting because of their high loading capacity for drugs as well as their unique disposition characteristics in the body. This paper highlights the utility of polymeric micelles formed through the multimolecular assembly of block copolymers as novel core-shell(More)
A major goal in cancer research is to develop carriers that can deliver drugs effectively and without side effects. Liposomal and particulate carriers with diameters of ∼100 nm have been widely used to improve the distribution and tumour accumulation of cancer drugs, but so far they have only been effective for treating highly permeable tumours. Here, we(More)
Transcription factor NF-E2 is crucial for regulating erythroid-specific gene expression. Cloning of the NF-E2 p45 protein has revealed that it contains a basic region-leucine zipper (b-zip) domain which associates with another unidentified protein (of relative molecular mass 18,000) to form functional NF-E2. We show here that products of the maf(More)
Cytokines may be crucially involved in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), but it remains controversial whether interferon (IFN)-gamma, a typical proinflammatory cytokine, is an essential mediator to cause the disorders. In the present study, IFN-gamma(-/-) and wild-type (WT) C57BL/6 mice were fed 2.5% dextran sodium sulphate (DSS) in(More)
OLETF rats develop hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia and mild obesity, which is characteristic of human non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). We cloned and sequenced the cholecystokinin type-A receptor (CCKAR) gene in the rats. Comparing the DNA sequences of the OLETF CCKAR gene and LETO CCKAR gene, normal gene, we found a deletion in the OLETF(More)