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PURPOSE Stable transformants expressing human multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1), monkey MDR1, canine MDR1, rat MDR1a, rat MDR1b, mouse mdr1a, and mouse mdr1b in LLC-PK1 were established to investigate species differences in P-glycoprotein (P-gp, ABCB1) mediated efflux activity. METHODS The seven cDNAs of MDR1 from five animals were cloned, and their(More)
  • Keiko Ikemoto
  • 2004
The human striatum, especially its ventral part, the nucleus accumbens (Acc), contains numerous nonmonoaminergic aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) [=dopa decarboxylase (DDC)] neurons (D-neurons). AADC is the second-step synthesizing enzyme for monoamines and is also the rate-limiting enzyme of phenylethylamine (PEA) synthesis. D-neurons may(More)
The human striatum, especially its ventral part, the nucleus accumbens, contains numerous neurons immunoreactive for aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC, the second-step monoamine synthesizing enzyme, =DDC: dopa decarboxylase), but not for tyrosine hydroxylase (TH, the first-step catecholamine synthesizing enzyme) or tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH, the(More)
The prevalence of dopamine and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein 32kD (DARPP-32) is associated with the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. To date, the findings on DARPP-32 cellular expression and distribution in postmortem brains from patients with schizophrenia have been inconsistent. To clarify the detailed cellular expression of DARPP-32 in patients with(More)
Schizophrenia is one of the major psychiatric disorders, and lipids have focused on the important roles in this disorder. In fact, lipids related to various functions in the brain. Previous studies have indicated that phospholipids, particularly ones containing polyunsaturated fatty acyl residues, are deficient in postmortem brains from patients with(More)
The objective of the present study was to determine with precision the localization of neurons and fibers immunoreactive (ir) for aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC), the second-step enzyme responsible for conversion of L-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA) to dopamine (DA) and 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP) to serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine: 5-HT) in the(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether plasma fluvoxamine (FV) concentration is associated with CYP2D6*10 allele polymorphisms. METHODS Subjects were 46 Japanese patients (21 males) carrying neither *3, *4 nor *5 alleles and treated orally using FV. Venous blood was obtained from each patient for determination of FV(More)